Worldwide Nanotechnology Electric Vehicle (Ev) Market Shares Strategies, And Forecasts, 2009 To 2015

 Electric vehicles are real. They come in a variety of styles and capabilities. The BMW features driving control and style. The Chinese BYD hybrid backed by Warren Buffet’s company has features that enable plug-in hybrid power train flexibility. It has a full battery-powered electric mode. The series-hybrid mode has an engine which drives a generator to recharge the batteries, acting as a rangeextender. There is a parallel hybrid mode, in which the engine and motor both provide propulsive power.

Electric vehicles represent a quantum shift in transportation. The design trajectories are varied; the opportunities are significant as a quantum shift occurs in what the vehicle basic functions are and how the vehicle works. The car companies that leverage the market opportunity to shift to a new paradyne are likely to succeed. There are others who merely try to migrate existing styles and designs to electric vehicles. Buggy whips come to mind.

The ability to plug a car into a hardened backyard set of batteries charged from a solar panel provides relief from gasoline spending. To have a second car, powered by a battery pack promises to provide growth of a new industry. The banks can loan against the car and the solar panel. Solar panels are evolving modular capability where they can be quickly installed and provide electricity for the car.

Investment in electric vehicle infrastructure is a priority. With countries seeking to invest in infrastructure that will provide economic growth, it is clear that special infrastructure for electric vehicles will stimulate growth from the private sector. Electric vehicle market segment is positioned for growth for vehicles used for local driving.

Worldwide nanotechnology thin film lithium-ion batteries are poised to achieve significant growth as units become more able to achieve deliver of power to electric vehicles efficiently. Less expensive lithium-ion batteries allow leveraging economies of scale and proliferation of devices into a wide range of applications. According to Susan Eustis, lead author of the study, “Economies of scale leverage the lithium-ion battery nanotechnology advances needed to make lithium-ion batteries competitive. Nanotechnology provided by lithium-ion research solves the issues poised by the need to store renewable energy. Lithium-ion batteries switch price reductions are poised to drive market adoption by making units affordable.”

Nanotechnology results obtained in the laboratory are being translated into commercial products. The processes of translating the nanotechnology science into thin film lithium ion batteries are anticipated to be ongoing. The breakthroughs of science in the laboratory have only begun to be translated into life outside the lab, with a long way to go in improving the functioning of the lithium-ion batteries.

Unlike any other battery technology, thin film solid-state batteries show very high cycle life. Using very thin cathodes (0.05µm) batteries have been cycled in excess of 45,000 cycles with very limited loss in capacity. After 45,000 cycles, 95% of the original capacity remained.

Markets for electric vehicles at 685 units in 2008 are anticipated to reach 32.7 million autos shipped by 2015, growing in response to demand for a renewable energy powered vehicle that lowers the total cost of ownership by a significant amount. Lithium-ion batteries used in cell phones and PCs, and in cordless power tools are proving the technology to power electric vehicles. Early electric vehicles are being used as city cars, proving the feasibility of electric cars. Think in Norway has a viable manufacturing operation and 1,000 cars on the road. The large emerging markets are for hybrid and electric vehicles powered by renewable energy systems.

Table of Contents :
Figure ES-1
Aptera Pre-Production Model 2e

Figure ES-2

REVA Electric Car

Table ES-3

Electric Vehicle Market Driving Forces

Table ES-3 (Continued)

Electric Vehicle Market Driving Forces

Figure ES-4

Worldwide Electric Vehicles

On The Road Market Shares, Units, 2009

Figure ES-5

Worldwide Electric Vehicle Penetration of

Automotive and Light Truck Market Forecasts, Percent,

2009-2015

Figure ES-6

Worldwide Electric Vehicle Retail Forecasts, Dollars,

2009-2015

Table ES-7

Reasons For Aggressive Forecast For Electric Vehicle Markets

Table ES-7 (Continued)

Reasons For Aggressive Forecast For Electric Vehicle Markets

Table ES-8

New Infrastructure, New Driving Modalities Brought By

Electric Vehicles

1. ELECTRIC VEHICLE MARKET DESCRIPTION AND MARKET DYNAMICS
1.1 Auto Industry

1.1.1 Electric Vehicle Economic Forces

1.1.2 Cars Represent 20% Of The US Economic Retail Spending

1.1.3 Electric Vehicle Design Trajectories

1.2 Electric Vehicle EVs

1.2.1 EVs Cost Effective In City Conditions

1.2.2 Lithium-Ion Car Batteries

1.2.3 Private-Public Partnerships

1.3 Lithium-Ion Battery Target Markets

1.3.1 Project Better Place and the Renault-Nissan Alliance

1.3.2 Largest Target Market, The Transportation Industry

1.3.3 Electric Grid Services Market

1.3.4 Portable Power Market, Power Tools

1.4 Lithium-Ion Battery Technologies Transportation Industry Target Market

1.5 Energy Storage For Grid Stabilization

1.5.1 Local Energy Storage Benefit For Utilities

1.6 Applications Require On-Printed Circuit Board Battery Power

1.6.1 Thin-film vs. Printed Batteries

1.7 Smart Buildings

1.7.1 Permanent Power for Wireless Sensors

1.8 Battery Safety / Potential Hazards

1.9 Thin Film Solid-State Battery Construction

1.10 Battery Is Electrochemical Device

1.11 Battery Depends On Chemical Energy

1.11.1 Characteristics Of Battery Cells

1.11.2 Batteries Are Designed Differently For Various Applications

2. ELECTRIC VEHICLE MARKET SHARES AND MARKET FORECASTS
2.1 Electric Vehicle Economic Market Driving Forces

2.1.1 Nanotechnology Forms the Base for Lithium-Ion Batteries

2.1.2 Lithium-Ion Batteries

2.2 Electric Vehicle Market Shares

2.2.1 Daimler Safety Cell

2.2.2 Daimler Smart Car

2.2.3 BYD

2.2.4 Think Environmentally Friendly Vehicles

2.2.5 TH!NK City Safety Concept

2.2.6 Think Overnight Power Top-Up

2.2.7 GM Volt

2.2.8 GM Opel

2.2.9 Tesla Motors

2.2.10 i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi

2.2.11 Mitsubishi

2.2.12 Subaru Selling EVs In Japan In 2009

2.2.13 BMW

2.2.14 REVA Electric Car

2.2.15 Ford Advances Electric Vehicle Technology

2.2.16 Ford Partnership With Utility Industry

2.2.17 Toyota Hybrid Prius

2.2.18 Nissan

2.2.19 Phoenix Motorcars

2.2.20 Fuji Heavy Industries / Subaru

2.2.21 Chrysler

2.3 Electric Vehicles Market Forecasts

2.4 Electric Vehicle Battery Recharging

2.4.1 Changing Electric Vehicles On The Fly

2.5 2008 / 2009 Auto Sales Overview

2.5.1 Korean Cars Succeed In US

2.5.2 Total Vehicles Sold / GM Profile

2.5.3 GM Global Vehicle Sales and Market Share – 2007

2.5.4 Worldwide Automotive Sales For 2007

2.5.5 Deepening Slowdown

2.6 Electric Vehicles As A Very Fancy Golf Cart

2.7 Worldwide Nanotechnology Thin Film Lithium-Ion Battery Market Driving Forces

2.7.1 Market Driving Forces

2.7.2 Nanotechnology Forms the Base for Lithium-Ion Batteries

2.7.3 Competitors

2.8 Lithium-Ion Battery Market Shares

2.8.1 ExxonMobil Affiliate in Japan / Tonen Chemical

2.8.2 A123Systems Patent for Nanophosphate™ Lithium Ion Battery Technology

2.9 Lithium-Ion Battery Market Forecasts

2.10 Electric Vehicle and Hybrid Vehicle Lithium-Ion Battery Market Shares

2.10.1 BYD

2.10.2 Johnson Controls-Saft

2.10.3 Saft Battery Technologies

2.10.4 A123Systems 32 Series Automotive Class Lithium Ion™ Cells:

2.10.5 NEC and Nissen

2.10.6 LG Chem

2.10.7 EnerDel

2.10.8 Competition

2.11 Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Lithium-Ion Battery Market Forecasts

2.11.1 Largest Target Market, The Transportation Industry Thin Film Advanced Lithium-Ion Battery EV Market Thin Film Lithium-Ion And Lithium Polymer Automotive Batteries

3. ELECTRIC VEHICLE PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
3.1 BMW

3.1.1 BMW Second Version Of The Electric Mini

3.2 BYD / MidAmerican Energy Holdings

3.2.1 Warren Buffet – MidAmerican, A Collection Of Electric Utilities In The Midwest

3.2.2 BYD Plug-in Hybrid Power Train Flexibility

3.2.3 BYD E6 Electric Car and F6

3.2.4 BYD E6 Electric Vehicle Specifications

3.3 Tesla Motors

3.3.1 Electric Roadster by Tesla Motors

3.3.2 Tesla Motors Next Generation Model S

3.3.3 Telsa Battery Pack And Frame

3.4 Daimler AG

3.4.1 Daimler Smart Car Model Features

3.4.2 Electric Car by Daimler Mercedes (2010)

3.5 Think

3.5.1 A123Systems / GE Production Contract for Norwegian Think Electric Vehicles

3.5.2 Think Overnight Power Top-Up

3.5.3 TH!NK City Safety Concept

3.5.4 TH!NK City Environmentally Friendly

3.5.5 Thinking Globally

3.6 General Motors

3.6.1 GM Volt

3.6.2 GM Challenge to Battery Developers

3.6.3 GM and A123Systems Co-Develop Lithium-Ion Battery Cell for Chevrolet Volt

3.6.4 GM Cadillac Electric Vehicle

3.6.5 GM / Opel

3.6.6 GM Chevrolet Equinox Fuel-Cell Vehicles

3.7 Miles XS500 Electric Car

3.8 Mitsubishi i MiEV Electric Car to be Sold 1 Year Ahead of Schedule in Japan

3.8.1 Mitsubishi i MiEV Electric Car Specifications

3.8.2 Mitsubishi i MiEV Electric Car Pricing

3.8.3 i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi

3.8.4 Mitsubishi Electric Car i MiEV Coming to Europe

3.8.5 Mitsubishi Electric Car i MiEV Production Plans

3.8.6 i MiEV Electric Car Specifications

3.8.7 i MiEV Electric Car to be Sold 1 Year Ahead of Schedule

3.9 Fuji Heavy Industries / Subaru R1e Electric Car Source: Subaru.

3.9.1 Subaru Selling EVs In Japan In 2009

3.9.2 Subaru G4e Source: Subaru.

3.9.3 NEC / Fuji Heavy Industries / Subaru

3.9.4 NEC / Fuji Heavy Industries / Subaru Thin Film Battery Flat Shape

3.10 Electric Supercar by Hybrid Technologies

3.11 Electric Mini by PML

3.12 Electric Car by Nissan (2010-2012)

3.12.1 NEC / Nissan Low-Cost Lithium-Manganese Batteries

3.13 REVA Electric Car

3.14 Zenn Low Speed Electric Car

3.15 Commuter Cars Tango Electric Car

3.16 Eliica Electric Car by KEIO University

3.17 Wrightspeed X1 Electric Car

3.18 Saturn SP1 Electric Car Conversion by Students of Napoleon High School

3.19 Toyota Hybrid Prius

3.19.1 Toyota iQ Microcar

3.19.2 Toyota FT-EV Battery Electric Vehicle

3.20 Ford

3.21 Chrysler

3.21.1 Chrysler Town & Country EV

3.21.2 Chrysler Personal Mobility Revolution

3.21.3 Chrysler Dodge Circuit EV

3.21.4 Chrysler Jeep® Wrangler Unlimited EV

3.22 Phoenix

3.23 Shelby Supercars

3.24 Aptera

4. ELECTRIC VEHICLE TECHNOLOGY
4.1 Phoenix Motorcars Altairnano Lithium Titanate Battery Technology

4.1.1 Altairnano Battery Comparison

4.1.2 Lead-Acid Battery Technology

4.1.3 Nickel Metal Hydride (NiMH)

4.1.4 Lithium-Ion

4.2 Globalization Model For Electric Cars

4.2.1 Better Place Electric Vehicle Network

4.2.2 Better Place has partnered with AGL Energy in Australia

4.3 EFOY Pro Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Charging Kit

4.3.1 Smart Fuel Cells SFC

4.3.2 Citycom AG’s CityEL

4.4 Vendor Lithium-ion Battery Strategy

4.4.1 Rechargeable Lithium Batteries Characteristics

4.5 Challenges in Battery Design

4.5.1 Advanced Lithium-ion Batteries Requirements

4.6 Vendor Lithium-Ion Battery Positioning

4.6.1 High-Quality, Volume Manufacturing Facilities

4.7 Applications Of Lithium-Ion Batteries

4.8 Mobile Phone Industry

4.8.1 Nanowires

4.8.2 Thin Film Battery Enabling Chemistries

4.8.3 The Cathodes

4.8.4 Solid State Devices Provide More Energy Density

4.9 Advantages of Lithium-Ion Batteries

4.9.1 Lithium-Ion Battery Shortcomings

4.9.2 Charging

4.9.3 Applications

4.9.4 Costs

4.10 Lithium Cell Chemistry Variants

4.10.1 Lithium-ion

4.10.2 Lithium-ion Polymer

4.10.3 Other Lithium Cathode Chemistry Variants

4.10.4 Lithium Cobalt LiCoO2

4.10.5 Lithium Manganese LiMn2O4

4.10.6 Lithium Nickel LiNiO2

4.10.7 Lithium (NCM) Nickel Cobal Manganese – Li(NiCoMn)O2

4.10.8 Lithium Iron Phosphate LiFePO4

4.11 Operating Performance Of The Cell Can Be Tuned

4.12 Lithium Metal Polymer

4.12.1 Lithium Sulphur Li2S8

4.12.2 Alternative Anode Chemistry

4.13 ExxonMobil affiliate, Tonen Chemical Polyethylene-Based, Porous Film

4.14 Cymbet Alternate Manufacturing

4.15 Thin-Film Batteries Packaging

4.16 ITN Energy Systems Fibrous Substrates, PowerFiber

4.16.1 ITN Sensors

4.17 Cell Construction

4.18 Impact Of Nanotechnology

4.19 Thin Film Batteries

4.19.1 Thin Film Battery Timescales and Costs

4.19.2 High Power And Energy Density

4.19.3 High Rate Capability

4.20 Comparison Of Rechargeable Battery Performance

4.21 Polymer Film Substrate

4.22 Micro Battery Solid Electrolyte

5. ELECTRIC VEHICLE COMPANY PROFILES

5.1 A123 Systems

5.1.1 A123 Systems Revenue

5.1.2 A123Systems Registration Statement for Initial Public Offering

5.1.3 A123 Systems Batteries Benefits

5.1.4 A123 Systems Competitive Advantage

5.1.5 A123 Systems Strategy

5.1.6 A123Systems and GE

5.1.7 A123 Acquisition of Hymotion

5.1.8 Procter & Gamble Duracell and A123 Systems Collaborate

5.1.9 Cobasys and A123 Systems

5.2 Aperta

5.3 Better Place Model

5.4 BMW

5.5 BYD

5.5.1 Warren Buffett Buys 10 Percent Stake In BYD Chinese Battery Manufacturer

5.6 E-One Moli Energy Group

5.7 Ener1

5.7.1 Ener1 Third Quarter 2008 Revenue

5.7.2 Ener1 Positioning Technology Originally Pioneered By Argonne National Lab

5.7.3 Ener1 Acquires Enertech Leading Korean Lithium-ion Battery Cell Producer

5.7.4 Ener1 / Enertech Specializes In Producing Large Format Flat (“Prismatic”) Cells

5.7.5 EnerDel Operations

5.8 Ford

5.8.1 Ford Electric Vehicle Positioning

5.8.2 Ford’s Comprehensive Sustainability Strategy

5.8.3 Ford Partnership With Southern California Edison Electric Utility

5.8.4 Ford Partnership with Johnson Controls-Saft for Thin Film Batteries

5.8.5 Ford Partnership with Utility Industry

5.8.6 Building A Business Case

5.8.7 Governments Of Japan, China, Korea, And India Significantly Funding EV Research

5.8.8 Ford Energy Future Vision

5.9 Fuji Heavy Industries / Subaru

5.9.1 Subaru of America

5.9.2 Subaru of America Revenue 2008

5.10 General Motors

5.10.1 General Motors Factory In Michigan To Build Battery Packs

5.10.2 GM 2008 Global Sales of 8.35 Million Vehicles

5.10.3 GM Continues Growth in Emerging Markets

5.10.4 GM’s North America Regional Performance

5.10.5 GM Europe

5.10.6 GM Strongly Believes In The Electrification Of The Automobile

5.11 Miles Electric Vehicles

5.11.1 Miles Zero Emissions, Full Electric Car

5.12 Johnson Controls-Saft

5.13 LG Petrochemical

5.13.1 LG Chem

5.14 Mitsubishi

5.14.1 Fleet Testing Of The Zero-Emissions iMiev Electric Vehicle

5.15 NEC / Nissan Low-Cost Lithium-Manganese Batteries

5.15.1 NEC Lamilion Energy

5.16 Panasonic / Sanyo

5.17 Phoenix Motorcars

5.17.1 Phoenix Motorcars Customers: Maui Electric

5.17.2 Phoenix MC All-Electric, Light-Duty Trucks

5.18 REVA

5.18.1 REVA Car Features

5.18.2 REVA Globally Tested Product

5.19 Saft

5.19.1 Saft Battery Technologies

5.19.2 Saft Industrial Battery Group (IBG)

5.19.3 Saft Specialty Battery Group (SBG)

5.19.4 Saft Rechargeable Battery Systems (RBS)

5.19.5 Saft Research and Development

5.19.6 Johnson Controls-Saft United States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC)

5.20 Samsung

5.21 Shelby SuperCars

5.21.1 Sheffield International Finance Corporation

5.21.2 SSC Monthly Newsletter

5.22 Tesla Motors

5.22.1 Tesla Battery Packs

5.22.2 Tesla Roadster

5.22.3 Tesla Restructuring

5.23 Think

5.23.1 Think Manufacturing Capacity

5.23.2 Think Employees Called Back From Lay-Off

5.23.3 Think Confirms Interim Financing – Private Equity Firm Ener1 Group Is The Lead Investor

5.23.4 Kleiner Perkins And Rockport Capital, Two Leading Us Cleantech Investors Launch Joint Venture With Norwegian Electrical Vehicle Company Think

5.23.5 TH!NK city Crash-Tested And Highway-Certified EV

5.23.6 Think Strategic Partnership With Energy Giant General Electric

5.23.7 Think collaboration with Porsche Consulting

5.24 Toyota

5.25 ZENN Motor Company

5.25.1 Zenn Motor Strategic Energy Storage Partner, Eestor

List of Tables and Figures
Figure ES-1

Aptera Pre-Production Model 2e

Figure ES-2

REVA Electric Car

Table ES-3

Electric Vehicle Market Driving Forces

Table ES-3 (Continued)

Electric Vehicle Market Driving Forces

Figure ES-4

Worldwide Electric Vehicles

On The Road Market Shares, Units, 2009

Figure ES-5

Worldwide Electric Vehicle Penetration of

Automotive and Light Truck Market Forecasts, Percent,

2009-2015

Figure ES-6

Worldwide Electric Vehicle Retail Forecasts, Dollars,

2009-2015

Table ES-7

Reasons For Aggressive Forecast For Electric Vehicle Markets

Table ES-7 (Continued)

Reasons For Aggressive Forecast For Electric Vehicle Markets

Table ES-8

New Infrastructure, New Driving Modalities Brought By

Electric Vehicles

Table 1-1

Principal Features Used To Compare Rechargeable Batteries

Figure 1-2

BMW’s Mini E Electric Car Powered By A Rechargeable

Lithium-Ion Battery

Table 1-3

Examples of Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Figure 1-4

Typical Structure Of A Thin Film Solid State Battery

Table 1-5

Characteristics Of Battery Cells

Table 2-1

Lithium-Ion Battery Market Driving Forces

Table 2-2

Energy Advantages Of Thin-Film Batteries

Figure 2-3

Aptera Pre-Production Model 2e

Table 2-4

Electric Vehicle Market Driving Forces

Table 2-4 (Continued)

Electric Vehicle Market Driving Forces

Figure 2-5

Worldwide Electric Vehicles

On The Road Market Shares, Units, 2009

Table 2-6

Worldwide Electric Vehicle Shipments Market Shares,

Units On the Road

2009 11

Figure 2-7

i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi – Red

Figure 2-8

REVA Electric Car

Figure 2-9

Worldwide Electric Vehicle Penetration of Automotive

and Light Truck Market Forecasts, Percent,

2009-2015

Table 2-10

Worldwide Electric Vehicle (EV) Unit Shipments

and Automotive Market Retail Forecasts and

Penetration Analysis, 2009-2015

Figure 2-11

Worldwide Electric Vehicle Retail Forecasts, Dollars,

2009-2015

Table 2-12

Worldwide Electric Vehicle (EV) Unit Shipments

and Automotive Market Retail Forecasts and

Penetration Analysis, 2009-2015

Table 2-13

Worldwide Electric Vehicle (EV) Unit Shipments

and Automotive Market Retail Forecasts, Penetration Analysis,

2009-2015

Table 2-14

Worldwide Automotive and Light Truck Small

Size Electric Vehicle (EV) Market Forecasts, Dollars, 2009-2015

Table 2-15

Worldwide Small Electric Vehicle (EV) Market

Forecasts, Units, 2009-2015

Table 2-16

Worldwide Small Car and Small Light Truck Electric

Vehicle (EV) Automotive Market Retail Forecasts,

Units and Dollars, 2009-2015

Table 2-17

Worldwide Sedan Size Automotive and Light Truck

Electric Vehicle (EV) Retail Market Forecasts, Dollars, 2009-2015

Table 2-18

Worldwide Sedan Size Automotive and Light Truck

Electric Vehicle (EV) Shipments Retail Market Forecasts, Units,

2009-2015

Table 2-19

Worldwide Sedan Size Car and Light Truck Electric

Vehicle (EV) Unit Shipments and Automotive Market

Retail Forecasts, Units and Dollars, 2009-201

Table 2-20

Reasons For Aggressive Forecast For Electric Vehicle Markets

Table 2-21

New Infrastructure, New Driving Modalities Brought By

Electric Vehicles

Table 2-22

Lithium-Ion Battery Market Driving Forces

Table 2-23

Energy Advantages Of Thin-Film Batteries

Figure 2-24

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2008

Table 2-25

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2008

Figure 2-26

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2009-2015

Figure 2-27

Worldwide Lithium-Ion and Advanced Lithium-ion

Battery Market Forecasts, Automotive, Power Tools,

Electric Grid, and PC Card, Dollars, 2009-2015

Figure 2-28

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Automotive Advanced Battery

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2008

Figure 2-29

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Automotive Advanced Battery

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2008

Figure 2-30

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2009-2015

Figure 2-31

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery

Shipments, Market Shares, Units, 2009-2015

Figure 2-32

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery

Shipments, Market Shares, Units and Dollars, 2009-2015

Table 2-33

Commercialization Challenges Of The Automotive,

Truck, and Bus Thin Film Battery Industry

Table 2-34

Integrated Thin Film Battery Personal Transport Power Systems

Figure 3-1

BMW’S Mini E Electric Car Powered By A Rechargeable

Lithium-Ion Battery

Figure 3-2

BYD E6 Electric Car

Figure 3-3

BYD F3DM Front View

Figure 3-4

BYD F3DM Rear View

Figure 3-5

BYD F3 Moon Roof

Table 3-6

BYD Plug-in Hybrid Powertrain Flexibility

Figure 3-7

BYD E6 Electric Car

Figure 3-8

BYD F6

Figure 3-9

Tesla Motors Roadster

Figure 3-10

Tesla Motors Roadster Torque and Power Graph

Figure 3-11

Model S by Tesla Motors

Figure 3-12

Daimler AG Smart car

Figure 3-13

Daimler Smart Car

Figure 3-14

Daimler Electric Mercedes

Figure 3-15

Prince Albert of Monaco Driving TH!NK city

Figure 3-16

Driving TH!NK city

Figure 3-17

Think Driver Console

Figure 3-18

Think Open

Figure 3-19

Think OX

Figure 3-20

Think City Electric Vehicle

Table 3-21

TH!NK City Specifications

Table 3-22

Think City Standard Equipment:

Table 3-22 (Continued)

Think City Standard Equipment:

Table 3-23

TH!NK City Features

Figure 3-24

Think Lineup of Electric Cars

Figure 3-25

General Motors Chevrolet Volt – Front View

Figure 3-26

General Motors Chevrolet Volt – Angle View

Figure 3-27

General Motors Chevrolet Volt – Rear View

Figure 3-28

General Motors Chevrolet Volt

Figure 3-29

GM Cadillac Electric Vehicle

Figure 3-30

General Motors EV1 Electric Car

Figure 3-31

XS500 Electric Car by Miles

Figure 3-32

i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi – In Traffic

Figure 3-33

i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi – Battery Packaging

Figure 3-34

i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi – Red

Figure 3-35

i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi – Gray

Figure 3-36

i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi – Interior

Figure 3-37

i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi – Features

Figure 3-38

Mitsubishi I Miev Electric Car

Figure 3-39

Mitsubishi I Miev Electric Car Interior Engine and

Drive Train Layout

Figure 3-40

Fuji Heavy Industries / Subaru R1e Electric Car

Figure 3-41

Subaru R1e Electric Car Plug Station

Figure 3-42

Subaru G4e Electric Car

Figure 3-43

Hybrid Technologies Electric Supercar

Figure 3-44

Electric Mini by PML

Figure 3-45

Test Electric Car by Nissan

Figure 3-46

REVA Electric Car

Figure 3-47

Zenn Auto

Figure 3-48

Zenn Electric Auto Close-up

Figure 3-49

Zenn Auto Parked in Street

Figure 3-50

Zenn Electric Auto – Gray with Sun Roof

Figure 3-51

Commuter Cars Tango Electric Car

Figure 3-52

Commuter Cars Tango in Washington DC

Figure 3-53

Eliica Electric Car

Figure 3-54

Wrightspeed X1 Electric Car

Figure 3-55

Saturn SP1 Electric Car Conversion

Figure 3-56

Toyota Hybrid Prius

Figure 3-57

Toyota FT-EV Battery Electric Vehicle

Figure 3-58

Toyota Electric Car

Table 3-59

Chrysler ENVI Electric Minivan Features

Figure 3-60

Interior of The Concept Car, The Chrysler 200C EV

Table 3-61

Chrysler Electric Vehicle Positioning

Table 3-62

Chrysler Electric Vehicle EV

Figure 3-63

Chrysler Electric Vehicles

Figure 3-64

Dodge Circuit EV

Table 3-65

Dodge Circuit EV Features

Figure 3-66

Chrysler Jeep® Wrangler Unlimited EV

Figure 3-67

Jeep® Wrangler Unlimited EV Features

Figure 3-68

Phoenix Motorcars SUT Truck

Figure 3-69

Phoenix Motorcars SUV Vehicle

Figure 3-70

Shelby Supercars

Figure 3-71

Shelby Supercars – Doors Raised

Figure 3-72

Aptera Pre-Production Model 2e

Figure 3-73

Aptera 2e Pre-Production Models

Figure 3-74

Aperta Three Wheel Vehicle

Figure 3-75

Aperta Three Wheel Vehicle – Rear View

Figure 4-1

Altairnano Battery Performance:

Figure 4-2

EFOY Pro Fuel Cell Kit For Electric Vehicles

Figure 4-3

Electrica City Car – Red

Figure 4-4

Electrica City Car – Yellow

Figure 4-5

Electrica City Car – Open

Figure 4-6

Electrica City Car – Dashboard

Figure 4-7

Smart Fuel Cells (SFC) Supply The StartLab Open With Power

Table 4-8

Challenges in Lithium-ion Battery Design

Table 4-9

Advantages of Lithium-Ion Batteries

Source: ITN.

Table 4-10

Thin Film Battery Unique Properties

Table 4-11

Comparison of battery performances

Table 4-12

Comparison Of Battery Performances

Table 4-13

Thin Films For Advanced Batteries

Table 4-14

Thin Film Batteries Technology

Table 4-15

Thin Film Battery / Lithium Air Batteries Applications

Figure 4-16

Polymer Film Substrate Thin Flexible Battery Profiles

Figure 4-17

Design Alternatives of Thin Film Rechargable Batteries

Table 5-1

A123 Systems Batteries Benefits

Table 5-2

A123 Systems Competitive Positioning

Table 5-2 (Continued)

A123 Systems Competitive Positioning

Table 5-2 (Continued)

A123 Systems Competitive Positioning

Figure 5-3

Aptera Vehicle Early Drawings

Figure 5-4

Assembly Facility: Vista, CA

Figure 5-5

Aperta Composite Facility: Carlsbad, CA

Figure 5-6

EnerDel Operations

Figure 5-7

EnerDel Lithium Power Systems

Figure 5-8

EnerDel Lithium Power USABC Contracts

Figure 5-9

EnerDel Lithium Power Think Projct

Table 5-10

Ford Key Government Energy Actions Recommendations

Figure 5-11

Sanyo Battery Targets 2020

Figure 5-12

REVA Electric Car

Figure 5-13

Saft Revenue H1 2008

Figure 5-14

Shelby Supercars

Figure 5-15

Think Auto Production Facility

Figure 5-16

TH!NK North America

Figure 5-17

Toyota Consolidated Vehicle Sales

Figure 5-18

Toyota Strategy

Figure 5-19

Toyota Car

 

Breakthrough technology in electric vehicles brings advancements that provide customers with personal transportation choices never before available. Electric vehicles are real. They come in a variety of styles and capabilities. The BMW features driving control and style. The Chinese BYD hybrid backed by Warren Buffet’s company has features that enable plug-in hybrid power train flexibility. It has a full battery-powered electric mode. The series-hybrid mode has an engine which drives a generator to recharge the batteries, acting as a rangeextender. There is a parallel hybrid mode, in which the engine and motor both provide propulsive power.

Electric vehicles represent a quantum shift in transportation. The design trajectories are varied; the opportunities are significant as a quantum shift occurs in what the vehicle basic functions are and how the vehicle works. The car companies that leverage the market opportunity to shift to a new paradyne are likely to succeed. There are others who merely try to migrate existing styles and designs to electric vehicles. Buggy whips come to mind.

The ability to plug a car into a hardened backyard set of batteries charged from a solar panel provides relief from gasoline spending. To have a second car, powered by a battery pack promises to provide growth of a new industry. The banks can loan against the car and the solar panel. Solar panels are evolving modular capability where they can be quickly installed and provide electricity for the car.

Investment in electric vehicle infrastructure is a priority. With countries seeking to invest in infrastructure that will provide economic growth, it is clear that special infrastructure for electric vehicles will stimulate growth from the private sector. Electric vehicle market segment is positioned for growth for vehicles used for local driving.

Worldwide nanotechnology thin film lithium-ion batteries are poised to achieve significant growth as units become more able to achieve deliver of power to electric vehicles efficiently. Less expensive lithium-ion batteries allow leveraging economies of scale and proliferation of devices into a wide range of applications. According to Susan Eustis, lead author of the study, “Economies of scale leverage the lithium-ion battery nanotechnology advances needed to make lithium-ion batteries competitive. Nanotechnology provided by lithium-ion research solves the issues poised by the need to store renewable energy. Lithium-ion batteries switch price reductions are poised to drive market adoption by making units affordable.”

Nanotechnology results obtained in the laboratory are being translated into commercial products. The processes of translating the nanotechnology science into thin film lithium ion batteries are anticipated to be ongoing. The breakthroughs of science in the laboratory have only begun to be translated into life outside the lab, with a long way to go in improving the functioning of the lithium-ion batteries.

Unlike any other battery technology, thin film solid-state batteries show very high cycle life. Using very thin cathodes (0.05µm) batteries have been cycled in excess of 45,000 cycles with very limited loss in capacity. After 45,000 cycles, 95% of the original capacity remained.

Markets for electric vehicles at 685 units in 2008 are anticipated to reach 32.7 million autos shipped by 2015, growing in response to demand for a renewable energy powered vehicle that lowers the total cost of ownership by a significant amount. Lithium-ion batteries used in cell phones and PCs, and in cordless power tools are proving the technology to power electric vehicles. Early electric vehicles are being used as city cars, proving the feasibility of electric cars. Think in Norway has a viable manufacturing operation and 1,000 cars on the road. The large emerging markets are for hybrid and electric vehicles powered by renewable energy systems.

Table of Contents :
Figure ES-1
Aptera Pre-Production Model 2e

Figure ES-2

REVA Electric Car

Table ES-3

Electric Vehicle Market Driving Forces

Table ES-3 (Continued)

Electric Vehicle Market Driving Forces

Figure ES-4

Worldwide Electric Vehicles

On The Road Market Shares, Units, 2009

Figure ES-5

Worldwide Electric Vehicle Penetration of

Automotive and Light Truck Market Forecasts, Percent,

2009-2015

Figure ES-6

Worldwide Electric Vehicle Retail Forecasts, Dollars,

2009-2015

Table ES-7

Reasons For Aggressive Forecast For Electric Vehicle Markets

Table ES-7 (Continued)

Reasons For Aggressive Forecast For Electric Vehicle Markets

Table ES-8

New Infrastructure, New Driving Modalities Brought By

Electric Vehicles

1. ELECTRIC VEHICLE MARKET DESCRIPTION AND MARKET DYNAMICS
1.1 Auto Industry

1.1.1 Electric Vehicle Economic Forces

1.1.2 Cars Represent 20% Of The US Economic Retail Spending

1.1.3 Electric Vehicle Design Trajectories

1.2 Electric Vehicle EVs

1.2.1 EVs Cost Effective In City Conditions

1.2.2 Lithium-Ion Car Batteries

1.2.3 Private-Public Partnerships

1.3 Lithium-Ion Battery Target Markets

1.3.1 Project Better Place and the Renault-Nissan Alliance

1.3.2 Largest Target Market, The Transportation Industry

1.3.3 Electric Grid Services Market

1.3.4 Portable Power Market, Power Tools

1.4 Lithium-Ion Battery Technologies Transportation Industry Target Market

1.5 Energy Storage For Grid Stabilization

1.5.1 Local Energy Storage Benefit For Utilities

1.6 Applications Require On-Printed Circuit Board Battery Power

1.6.1 Thin-film vs. Printed Batteries

1.7 Smart Buildings

1.7.1 Permanent Power for Wireless Sensors

1.8 Battery Safety / Potential Hazards

1.9 Thin Film Solid-State Battery Construction

1.10 Battery Is Electrochemical Device

1.11 Battery Depends On Chemical Energy

1.11.1 Characteristics Of Battery Cells

1.11.2 Batteries Are Designed Differently For Various Applications

2. ELECTRIC VEHICLE MARKET SHARES AND MARKET FORECASTS
2.1 Electric Vehicle Economic Market Driving Forces

2.1.1 Nanotechnology Forms the Base for Lithium-Ion Batteries

2.1.2 Lithium-Ion Batteries

2.2 Electric Vehicle Market Shares

2.2.1 Daimler Safety Cell

2.2.2 Daimler Smart Car

2.2.3 BYD

2.2.4 Think Environmentally Friendly Vehicles

2.2.5 TH!NK City Safety Concept

2.2.6 Think Overnight Power Top-Up

2.2.7 GM Volt

2.2.8 GM Opel

2.2.9 Tesla Motors

2.2.10 i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi

2.2.11 Mitsubishi

2.2.12 Subaru Selling EVs In Japan In 2009

2.2.13 BMW

2.2.14 REVA Electric Car

2.2.15 Ford Advances Electric Vehicle Technology

2.2.16 Ford Partnership With Utility Industry

2.2.17 Toyota Hybrid Prius

2.2.18 Nissan

2.2.19 Phoenix Motorcars

2.2.20 Fuji Heavy Industries / Subaru

2.2.21 Chrysler

2.3 Electric Vehicles Market Forecasts

2.4 Electric Vehicle Battery Recharging

2.4.1 Changing Electric Vehicles On The Fly

2.5 2008 / 2009 Auto Sales Overview

2.5.1 Korean Cars Succeed In US

2.5.2 Total Vehicles Sold / GM Profile

2.5.3 GM Global Vehicle Sales and Market Share – 2007

2.5.4 Worldwide Automotive Sales For 2007

2.5.5 Deepening Slowdown

2.6 Electric Vehicles As A Very Fancy Golf Cart

2.7 Worldwide Nanotechnology Thin Film Lithium-Ion Battery Market Driving Forces

2.7.1 Market Driving Forces

2.7.2 Nanotechnology Forms the Base for Lithium-Ion Batteries

2.7.3 Competitors

2.8 Lithium-Ion Battery Market Shares

2.8.1 ExxonMobil Affiliate in Japan / Tonen Chemical

2.8.2 A123Systems Patent for Nanophosphate™ Lithium Ion Battery Technology

2.9 Lithium-Ion Battery Market Forecasts

2.10 Electric Vehicle and Hybrid Vehicle Lithium-Ion Battery Market Shares

2.10.1 BYD

2.10.2 Johnson Controls-Saft

2.10.3 Saft Battery Technologies

2.10.4 A123Systems 32 Series Automotive Class Lithium Ion™ Cells:

2.10.5 NEC and Nissen

2.10.6 LG Chem

2.10.7 EnerDel

2.10.8 Competition

2.11 Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Lithium-Ion Battery Market Forecasts

2.11.1 Largest Target Market, The Transportation Industry Thin Film Advanced Lithium-Ion Battery EV Market Thin Film Lithium-Ion And Lithium Polymer Automotive Batteries

3. ELECTRIC VEHICLE PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
3.1 BMW

3.1.1 BMW Second Version Of The Electric Mini

3.2 BYD / MidAmerican Energy Holdings

3.2.1 Warren Buffet – MidAmerican, A Collection Of Electric Utilities In The Midwest

3.2.2 BYD Plug-in Hybrid Power Train Flexibility

3.2.3 BYD E6 Electric Car and F6

3.2.4 BYD E6 Electric Vehicle Specifications

3.3 Tesla Motors

3.3.1 Electric Roadster by Tesla Motors

3.3.2 Tesla Motors Next Generation Model S

3.3.3 Telsa Battery Pack And Frame

3.4 Daimler AG

3.4.1 Daimler Smart Car Model Features

3.4.2 Electric Car by Daimler Mercedes (2010)

3.5 Think

3.5.1 A123Systems / GE Production Contract for Norwegian Think Electric Vehicles

3.5.2 Think Overnight Power Top-Up

3.5.3 TH!NK City Safety Concept

3.5.4 TH!NK City Environmentally Friendly

3.5.5 Thinking Globally

3.6 General Motors

3.6.1 GM Volt

3.6.2 GM Challenge to Battery Developers

3.6.3 GM and A123Systems Co-Develop Lithium-Ion Battery Cell for Chevrolet Volt

3.6.4 GM Cadillac Electric Vehicle

3.6.5 GM / Opel

3.6.6 GM Chevrolet Equinox Fuel-Cell Vehicles

3.7 Miles XS500 Electric Car

3.8 Mitsubishi i MiEV Electric Car to be Sold 1 Year Ahead of Schedule in Japan

3.8.1 Mitsubishi i MiEV Electric Car Specifications

3.8.2 Mitsubishi i MiEV Electric Car Pricing

3.8.3 i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi

3.8.4 Mitsubishi Electric Car i MiEV Coming to Europe

3.8.5 Mitsubishi Electric Car i MiEV Production Plans

3.8.6 i MiEV Electric Car Specifications

3.8.7 i MiEV Electric Car to be Sold 1 Year Ahead of Schedule

3.9 Fuji Heavy Industries / Subaru R1e Electric Car Source: Subaru.

3.9.1 Subaru Selling EVs In Japan In 2009

3.9.2 Subaru G4e Source: Subaru.

3.9.3 NEC / Fuji Heavy Industries / Subaru

3.9.4 NEC / Fuji Heavy Industries / Subaru Thin Film Battery Flat Shape

3.10 Electric Supercar by Hybrid Technologies

3.11 Electric Mini by PML

3.12 Electric Car by Nissan (2010-2012)

3.12.1 NEC / Nissan Low-Cost Lithium-Manganese Batteries

3.13 REVA Electric Car

3.14 Zenn Low Speed Electric Car

3.15 Commuter Cars Tango Electric Car

3.16 Eliica Electric Car by KEIO University

3.17 Wrightspeed X1 Electric Car

3.18 Saturn SP1 Electric Car Conversion by Students of Napoleon High School

3.19 Toyota Hybrid Prius

3.19.1 Toyota iQ Microcar

3.19.2 Toyota FT-EV Battery Electric Vehicle

3.20 Ford

3.21 Chrysler

3.21.1 Chrysler Town & Country EV

3.21.2 Chrysler Personal Mobility Revolution

3.21.3 Chrysler Dodge Circuit EV

3.21.4 Chrysler Jeep® Wrangler Unlimited EV

3.22 Phoenix

3.23 Shelby Supercars

3.24 Aptera

4. ELECTRIC VEHICLE TECHNOLOGY
4.1 Phoenix Motorcars Altairnano Lithium Titanate Battery Technology

4.1.1 Altairnano Battery Comparison

4.1.2 Lead-Acid Battery Technology

4.1.3 Nickel Metal Hydride (NiMH)

4.1.4 Lithium-Ion

4.2 Globalization Model For Electric Cars

4.2.1 Better Place Electric Vehicle Network

4.2.2 Better Place has partnered with AGL Energy in Australia

4.3 EFOY Pro Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Charging Kit

4.3.1 Smart Fuel Cells SFC

4.3.2 Citycom AG’s CityEL

4.4 Vendor Lithium-ion Battery Strategy

4.4.1 Rechargeable Lithium Batteries Characteristics

4.5 Challenges in Battery Design

4.5.1 Advanced Lithium-ion Batteries Requirements

4.6 Vendor Lithium-Ion Battery Positioning

4.6.1 High-Quality, Volume Manufacturing Facilities

4.7 Applications Of Lithium-Ion Batteries

4.8 Mobile Phone Industry

4.8.1 Nanowires

4.8.2 Thin Film Battery Enabling Chemistries

4.8.3 The Cathodes

4.8.4 Solid State Devices Provide More Energy Density

4.9 Advantages of Lithium-Ion Batteries

4.9.1 Lithium-Ion Battery Shortcomings

4.9.2 Charging

4.9.3 Applications

4.9.4 Costs

4.10 Lithium Cell Chemistry Variants

4.10.1 Lithium-ion

4.10.2 Lithium-ion Polymer

4.10.3 Other Lithium Cathode Chemistry Variants

4.10.4 Lithium Cobalt LiCoO2

4.10.5 Lithium Manganese LiMn2O4

4.10.6 Lithium Nickel LiNiO2

4.10.7 Lithium (NCM) Nickel Cobal Manganese – Li(NiCoMn)O2

4.10.8 Lithium Iron Phosphate LiFePO4

4.11 Operating Performance Of The Cell Can Be Tuned

4.12 Lithium Metal Polymer

4.12.1 Lithium Sulphur Li2S8

4.12.2 Alternative Anode Chemistry

4.13 ExxonMobil affiliate, Tonen Chemical Polyethylene-Based, Porous Film

4.14 Cymbet Alternate Manufacturing

4.15 Thin-Film Batteries Packaging

4.16 ITN Energy Systems Fibrous Substrates, PowerFiber

4.16.1 ITN Sensors

4.17 Cell Construction

4.18 Impact Of Nanotechnology

4.19 Thin Film Batteries

4.19.1 Thin Film Battery Timescales and Costs

4.19.2 High Power And Energy Density

4.19.3 High Rate Capability

4.20 Comparison Of Rechargeable Battery Performance

4.21 Polymer Film Substrate

4.22 Micro Battery Solid Electrolyte

5. ELECTRIC VEHICLE COMPANY PROFILES

5.1 A123 Systems

5.1.1 A123 Systems Revenue

5.1.2 A123Systems Registration Statement for Initial Public Offering

5.1.3 A123 Systems Batteries Benefits

5.1.4 A123 Systems Competitive Advantage

5.1.5 A123 Systems Strategy

5.1.6 A123Systems and GE

5.1.7 A123 Acquisition of Hymotion

5.1.8 Procter & Gamble Duracell and A123 Systems Collaborate

5.1.9 Cobasys and A123 Systems

5.2 Aperta

5.3 Better Place Model

5.4 BMW

5.5 BYD

5.5.1 Warren Buffett Buys 10 Percent Stake In BYD Chinese Battery Manufacturer

5.6 E-One Moli Energy Group

5.7 Ener1

5.7.1 Ener1 Third Quarter 2008 Revenue

5.7.2 Ener1 Positioning Technology Originally Pioneered By Argonne National Lab

5.7.3 Ener1 Acquires Enertech Leading Korean Lithium-ion Battery Cell Producer

5.7.4 Ener1 / Enertech Specializes In Producing Large Format Flat (“Prismatic”) Cells

5.7.5 EnerDel Operations

5.8 Ford

5.8.1 Ford Electric Vehicle Positioning

5.8.2 Ford’s Comprehensive Sustainability Strategy

5.8.3 Ford Partnership With Southern California Edison Electric Utility

5.8.4 Ford Partnership with Johnson Controls-Saft for Thin Film Batteries

5.8.5 Ford Partnership with Utility Industry

5.8.6 Building A Business Case

5.8.7 Governments Of Japan, China, Korea, And India Significantly Funding EV Research

5.8.8 Ford Energy Future Vision

5.9 Fuji Heavy Industries / Subaru

5.9.1 Subaru of America

5.9.2 Subaru of America Revenue 2008

5.10 General Motors

5.10.1 General Motors Factory In Michigan To Build Battery Packs

5.10.2 GM 2008 Global Sales of 8.35 Million Vehicles

5.10.3 GM Continues Growth in Emerging Markets

5.10.4 GM’s North America Regional Performance

5.10.5 GM Europe

5.10.6 GM Strongly Believes In The Electrification Of The Automobile

5.11 Miles Electric Vehicles

5.11.1 Miles Zero Emissions, Full Electric Car

5.12 Johnson Controls-Saft

5.13 LG Petrochemical

5.13.1 LG Chem

5.14 Mitsubishi

5.14.1 Fleet Testing Of The Zero-Emissions iMiev Electric Vehicle

5.15 NEC / Nissan Low-Cost Lithium-Manganese Batteries

5.15.1 NEC Lamilion Energy

5.16 Panasonic / Sanyo

5.17 Phoenix Motorcars

5.17.1 Phoenix Motorcars Customers: Maui Electric

5.17.2 Phoenix MC All-Electric, Light-Duty Trucks

5.18 REVA

5.18.1 REVA Car Features

5.18.2 REVA Globally Tested Product

5.19 Saft

5.19.1 Saft Battery Technologies

5.19.2 Saft Industrial Battery Group (IBG)

5.19.3 Saft Specialty Battery Group (SBG)

5.19.4 Saft Rechargeable Battery Systems (RBS)

5.19.5 Saft Research and Development

5.19.6 Johnson Controls-Saft United States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC)

5.20 Samsung

5.21 Shelby SuperCars

5.21.1 Sheffield International Finance Corporation

5.21.2 SSC Monthly Newsletter

5.22 Tesla Motors

5.22.1 Tesla Battery Packs

5.22.2 Tesla Roadster

5.22.3 Tesla Restructuring

5.23 Think

5.23.1 Think Manufacturing Capacity

5.23.2 Think Employees Called Back From Lay-Off

5.23.3 Think Confirms Interim Financing – Private Equity Firm Ener1 Group Is The Lead Investor

5.23.4 Kleiner Perkins And Rockport Capital, Two Leading Us Cleantech Investors Launch Joint Venture With Norwegian Electrical Vehicle Company Think

5.23.5 TH!NK city Crash-Tested And Highway-Certified EV

5.23.6 Think Strategic Partnership With Energy Giant General Electric

5.23.7 Think collaboration with Porsche Consulting

5.24 Toyota

5.25 ZENN Motor Company

5.25.1 Zenn Motor Strategic Energy Storage Partner, Eestor

List of Tables and Figures
Figure ES-1

Aptera Pre-Production Model 2e

Figure ES-2

REVA Electric Car

Table ES-3

Electric Vehicle Market Driving Forces

Table ES-3 (Continued)

Electric Vehicle Market Driving Forces

Figure ES-4

Worldwide Electric Vehicles

On The Road Market Shares, Units, 2009

Figure ES-5

Worldwide Electric Vehicle Penetration of

Automotive and Light Truck Market Forecasts, Percent,

2009-2015

Figure ES-6

Worldwide Electric Vehicle Retail Forecasts, Dollars,

2009-2015

Table ES-7

Reasons For Aggressive Forecast For Electric Vehicle Markets

Table ES-7 (Continued)

Reasons For Aggressive Forecast For Electric Vehicle Markets

Table ES-8

New Infrastructure, New Driving Modalities Brought By

Electric Vehicles

Table 1-1

Principal Features Used To Compare Rechargeable Batteries

Figure 1-2

BMW’s Mini E Electric Car Powered By A Rechargeable

Lithium-Ion Battery

Table 1-3

Examples of Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Figure 1-4

Typical Structure Of A Thin Film Solid State Battery

Table 1-5

Characteristics Of Battery Cells

Table 2-1

Lithium-Ion Battery Market Driving Forces

Table 2-2

Energy Advantages Of Thin-Film Batteries

Figure 2-3

Aptera Pre-Production Model 2e

Table 2-4

Electric Vehicle Market Driving Forces

Table 2-4 (Continued)

Electric Vehicle Market Driving Forces

Figure 2-5

Worldwide Electric Vehicles

On The Road Market Shares, Units, 2009

Table 2-6

Worldwide Electric Vehicle Shipments Market Shares,

Units On the Road

2009 11

Figure 2-7

i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi – Red

Figure 2-8

REVA Electric Car

Figure 2-9

Worldwide Electric Vehicle Penetration of Automotive

and Light Truck Market Forecasts, Percent,

2009-2015

Table 2-10

Worldwide Electric Vehicle (EV) Unit Shipments

and Automotive Market Retail Forecasts and

Penetration Analysis, 2009-2015

Figure 2-11

Worldwide Electric Vehicle Retail Forecasts, Dollars,

2009-2015

Table 2-12

Worldwide Electric Vehicle (EV) Unit Shipments

and Automotive Market Retail Forecasts and

Penetration Analysis, 2009-2015

Table 2-13

Worldwide Electric Vehicle (EV) Unit Shipments

and Automotive Market Retail Forecasts, Penetration Analysis,

2009-2015

Table 2-14

Worldwide Automotive and Light Truck Small

Size Electric Vehicle (EV) Market Forecasts, Dollars, 2009-2015

Table 2-15

Worldwide Small Electric Vehicle (EV) Market

Forecasts, Units, 2009-2015

Table 2-16

Worldwide Small Car and Small Light Truck Electric

Vehicle (EV) Automotive Market Retail Forecasts,

Units and Dollars, 2009-2015

Table 2-17

Worldwide Sedan Size Automotive and Light Truck

Electric Vehicle (EV) Retail Market Forecasts, Dollars, 2009-2015

Table 2-18

Worldwide Sedan Size Automotive and Light Truck

Electric Vehicle (EV) Shipments Retail Market Forecasts, Units,

2009-2015

Table 2-19

Worldwide Sedan Size Car and Light Truck Electric

Vehicle (EV) Unit Shipments and Automotive Market

Retail Forecasts, Units and Dollars, 2009-201

Table 2-20

Reasons For Aggressive Forecast For Electric Vehicle Markets

Table 2-21

New Infrastructure, New Driving Modalities Brought By

Electric Vehicles

Table 2-22

Lithium-Ion Battery Market Driving Forces

Table 2-23

Energy Advantages Of Thin-Film Batteries

Figure 2-24

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2008

Table 2-25

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2008

Figure 2-26

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2009-2015

Figure 2-27

Worldwide Lithium-Ion and Advanced Lithium-ion

Battery Market Forecasts, Automotive, Power Tools,

Electric Grid, and PC Card, Dollars, 2009-2015

Figure 2-28

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Automotive Advanced Battery

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2008

Figure 2-29

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Automotive Advanced Battery

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2008

Figure 2-30

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2009-2015

Figure 2-31

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery

Shipments, Market Shares, Units, 2009-2015

Figure 2-32

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery

Shipments, Market Shares, Units and Dollars, 2009-2015

Table 2-33

Commercialization Challenges Of The Automotive,

Truck, and Bus Thin Film Battery Industry

Table 2-34

Integrated Thin Film Battery Personal Transport Power Systems

Figure 3-1

BMW’S Mini E Electric Car Powered By A Rechargeable

Lithium-Ion Battery

Figure 3-2

BYD E6 Electric Car

Figure 3-3

BYD F3DM Front View

Figure 3-4

BYD F3DM Rear View

Figure 3-5

BYD F3 Moon Roof

Table 3-6

BYD Plug-in Hybrid Powertrain Flexibility

Figure 3-7

BYD E6 Electric Car

Figure 3-8

BYD F6

Figure 3-9

Tesla Motors Roadster

Figure 3-10

Tesla Motors Roadster Torque and Power Graph

Figure 3-11

Model S by Tesla Motors

Figure 3-12

Daimler AG Smart car

Figure 3-13

Daimler Smart Car

Figure 3-14

Daimler Electric Mercedes

Figure 3-15

Prince Albert of Monaco Driving TH!NK city

Figure 3-16

Driving TH!NK city

Figure 3-17

Think Driver Console

Figure 3-18

Think Open

Figure 3-19

Think OX

Figure 3-20

Think City Electric Vehicle

Table 3-21

TH!NK City Specifications

Table 3-22

Think City Standard Equipment:

Table 3-22 (Continued)

Think City Standard Equipment:

Table 3-23

TH!NK City Features

Figure 3-24

Think Lineup of Electric Cars

Figure 3-25

General Motors Chevrolet Volt – Front View

Figure 3-26

General Motors Chevrolet Volt – Angle View

Figure 3-27

General Motors Chevrolet Volt – Rear View

Figure 3-28

General Motors Chevrolet Volt

Figure 3-29

GM Cadillac Electric Vehicle

Figure 3-30

General Motors EV1 Electric Car

Figure 3-31

XS500 Electric Car by Miles

Figure 3-32

i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi – In Traffic

Figure 3-33

i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi – Battery Packaging

Figure 3-34

i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi – Red

Figure 3-35

i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi – Gray

Figure 3-36

i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi – Interior

Figure 3-37

i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi – Features

Figure 3-38

Mitsubishi I Miev Electric Car

Figure 3-39

Mitsubishi I Miev Electric Car Interior Engine and

Drive Train Layout

Figure 3-40

Fuji Heavy Industries / Subaru R1e Electric Car

Figure 3-41

Subaru R1e Electric Car Plug Station

Figure 3-42

Subaru G4e Electric Car

Figure 3-43

Hybrid Technologies Electric Supercar

Figure 3-44

Electric Mini by PML

Figure 3-45

Test Electric Car by Nissan

Figure 3-46

REVA Electric Car

Figure 3-47

Zenn Auto

Figure 3-48

Zenn Electric Auto Close-up

Figure 3-49

Zenn Auto Parked in Street

Figure 3-50

Zenn Electric Auto – Gray with Sun Roof

Figure 3-51

Commuter Cars Tango Electric Car

Figure 3-52

Commuter Cars Tango in Washington DC

Figure 3-53

Eliica Electric Car

Figure 3-54

Wrightspeed X1 Electric Car

Figure 3-55

Saturn SP1 Electric Car Conversion

Figure 3-56

Toyota Hybrid Prius

Figure 3-57

Toyota FT-EV Battery Electric Vehicle

Figure 3-58

Toyota Electric Car

Table 3-59

Chrysler ENVI Electric Minivan Features

Figure 3-60

Interior of The Concept Car, The Chrysler 200C EV

Table 3-61

Chrysler Electric Vehicle Positioning

Table 3-62

Chrysler Electric Vehicle EV

Figure 3-63

Chrysler Electric Vehicles

Figure 3-64

Dodge Circuit EV

Table 3-65

Dodge Circuit EV Features

Figure 3-66

Chrysler Jeep® Wrangler Unlimited EV

Figure 3-67

Jeep® Wrangler Unlimited EV Features

Figure 3-68

Phoenix Motorcars SUT Truck

Figure 3-69

Phoenix Motorcars SUV Vehicle

Figure 3-70

Shelby Supercars

Figure 3-71

Shelby Supercars – Doors Raised

Figure 3-72

Aptera Pre-Production Model 2e

Figure 3-73

Aptera 2e Pre-Production Models

Figure 3-74

Aperta Three Wheel Vehicle

Figure 3-75

Aperta Three Wheel Vehicle – Rear View

Figure 4-1

Altairnano Battery Performance:

Figure 4-2

EFOY Pro Fuel Cell Kit For Electric Vehicles

Figure 4-3

Electrica City Car – Red

Figure 4-4

Electrica City Car – Yellow

Figure 4-5

Electrica City Car – Open

Figure 4-6

Electrica City Car – Dashboard

Figure 4-7

Smart Fuel Cells (SFC) Supply The StartLab Open With Power

Table 4-8

Challenges in Lithium-ion Battery Design

Table 4-9

Advantages of Lithium-Ion Batteries

Source: ITN.

Table 4-10

Thin Film Battery Unique Properties

Table 4-11

Comparison of battery performances

Table 4-12

Comparison Of Battery Performances

Table 4-13

Thin Films For Advanced Batteries

Table 4-14

Thin Film Batteries Technology

Table 4-15

Thin Film Battery / Lithium Air Batteries Applications

Figure 4-16

Polymer Film Substrate Thin Flexible Battery Profiles

Figure 4-17

Design Alternatives of Thin Film Rechargable Batteries

Table 5-1

A123 Systems Batteries Benefits

Table 5-2

A123 Systems C

How Can you Make Heaps of Money From the Stock Market While Keeping Risks to the Minimum?

How can you make heaps of money from the stock market while keeping risks to the minimum?

I always believe that you should never put your money in something you do not know about eventhough everyone is dumping their money in this particular stock and prices are rushing like mad.. That would be speculating or gambling. Sounds weird. Remember the internet bubble where a lot of investors buy internet stocks like crazy just because they had been going up and up.

Warren Buffett would never gamble or speculate. He would not invest in something unless he is sure or certain of what he is investing in. The common theory is that higher risks = higher returns. However you can turn the situation to your advantage by doing research on the companies you are investing in, like warren buffett and yet make higher returns.

Warren Buffett once said ‘Rule number 1, never lose money’. This is the main concept for value investing. He also said that I would rather be certain of a good result than hopeful of a great one. Wise words for value investors indeed.

So what are Warren Buffett’s secrets? Below are some of his criterias

1. Identify companies with high and growing ROE

2. Identify companies with 15% growth or more in earnings

3. Identify companies with high profit margins

4. Identify companies with book value growing regularly

5. Identify companies with debt/equity ratio of 50% or lower

6. Identify companies with high intrinsic value

The criterias I have identified above can be easily identified nowadays on popular sites like moneycentral.msn.com or other popular investment software. The most important criteria of value investing is margin of safety… So how do you guarantee a margin of safety?

The secret is actually very simple. To invest in companies, sectors or industries that you are knowledgeable about. It is also known as your circle of competence. You will need to know about the relevant industries that affect the industries that these value companies are in. You will also need to know the safety, stability and tax rates of the country and which the company is in.

You should also have a well diversified portfolio, selecting stocks in industries which you specialised in.

It all boils down to the 2 simple rules of investing.

1. Never lose money

2. Do your research/homework before you invest

Check out more articles and tips at http://bewarrenbuffett.com

Check out more articles and tips at http://bewarrenbuffett.com

Worldwide Nanotechnology Thin Film Lithium-Ion Battery Market Shares Strategies, And Forecasts, 2009-2015-Aarkstore Enterprise

Worldwide nanotechnology thin film lithium-ion batteries are poised to achieve significant growth as units become more able to achieve deliver of power to electric vehicles efficiently. Less expensive lithium-ion batteries allow leveraging economies of scale and proliferation of devices into a wide range of applications. According to Susan Eustis, lead author of the study, “Economies of scale leverage the lithium-ion battery nanotechnology advances needed to make lithium-ion batteries competitive. Nanotechnology provided by lithium-ion research solves the issues poised by the need to store renewable energy. Lithium-ion batteries switch price reductions are poised to drive market adoption by making units affordable.”

Nanotechnology results obtained in the laboratory are being translated into commercial products. The processes of translating the nanotechnology science into thin film lithium ion batteries are anticipated to be ongoing. The breakthroughs of science in the laboratory have only begun to be translated into life outside the lab, with a long way to go in improving the functioning of the lithium-ion batteries. Unlike any other battery technology, thin film solid-state batteries show very high cycle life. Using very thin cathodes (0.05µm) batteries have been cycled in excess of 45,000 cycles with very limited loss in capacity. After 45,000 cycles, 95% of the original capacity remained.

Then there is the problem of translating the evolving technology into manufacturing process. What this means is that the market will be very dynamic, with the market leaders continuously being challenged by innovators, large and small that develop more cost efficient units. Systems integration and manufacturing capabilities have developed a broad family of high-power lithium-ion batteries and battery systems. A family of battery products, combined with strategic partner relationships in the transportation, electric grid services and portable power markets, position vendors to address these markets for lithium-ion batteries.

Electric Vehicles depend on design, development, manufacture, and support of advanced, rechargeable lithium-ion batteries. Batteries provide a combination of power, safety and life. Next-generation energy storage solutions are evolving as commercially available batteries. Lithium-ion batteries will play an increasingly important role in facilitating a shift toward cleaner forms of energy.

Innovative approaches to materials science and battery engineering are available from a large number of very significant companies — GE, Panasonic Sanyo / Matsushita Industrial Co., Ltd., NEC, Saft, Toshiba, BYD / Berkshire Hathaway, LG Chem, Altair Nanotechnologies, Samsung, Sony, A123 Systems with MIT technology, and Altair Nanotechnologies.

Markets for lithium-ion batteries at $911 million in 2008 are anticipated to reach $9.1 billion by 2015, growing in response to decreases in unit costs and increases. Lithiumion batteries used in cell phones and PCs, and in cordless power tools are proving the technology. Units are shipped into military markets and are used in satellites, proving the feasibility of systems. Small, lithium-ion prismatic batteries prove the feasibility of this technology. The large emerging markets are for hybrid and electric vehicles powered by renewable energy systems.

Report Methodology
This is the 399th report in a series of market research reports that provide forecasts in communications, telecommunications, the internet, computer, software, and telephone equipment. The project leaders take direct responsibility for writing and preparing each report. They have significant experience preparing industry studies. Forecasts are based on primary research and proprietary data bases. Forecasts reflect analysis of the market trends in the segment and related segments. Unit and dollar shipments are analyzed through consideration of dollar volume of each market participation in the segment. Market share analysis includes conversations with key customers of products, industry segment leaders, marketing directors, distributors, leading market participants, and companies seeking to develop measurable market share. Over 200 in-depth interviews are conducted for each report with a broad range of key participants and opinion leaders in the market segment.
 
 
  Table of Contents : 
Thin Film Lithium Ion Battery Executive Summary   ES-1

Worldwide Nanotechnology Thin Film Lithium-Ion

Battery Market Driving Forces  ES-1

Market Driving Forces  ES-2

Nanotechnology Forms the Base for Lithium-Ion Batteries  ES-7

Competitors  ES-7

Lithium-Ion Battery Market Shares  ES-7

Lithium-Ion Battery Market Forecasts  ES-9

 

1. Thin Film Lithium Ion Battery

Market Description and Market Dynamics   1-1

1.1   Lithium-Ion Battery Target Markets  1-1

1.1.1    Project Better Place and the Renault-Nissan Alliance  1-2

1.1.2    Largest Target Market, The Transportation Industry  1-3

1.1.3    Electric Grid Services Market 1-4

1.1.4    Portable Power Market, Power Tools  1-5

1.2   Lithium-Ion Battery Technologies Transportation

Industry Target Market 1-7

1.3   Energy Storage For Grid Stabilization  1-11

1.3.1    Local Energy Storage Benefit For Utilities  1-12

1.4   Applications Require On-Printed Circuit

Board Battery Power  1-13

1.4.1    Thin-film vs. Printed Batteries  1-13

1.5   Smart Buildings  1-14

1.5.1    Permanent Power for Wireless Sensors  1-16

1.6   Battery Safety / Potential Hazards  1-17

1.7   Thin Film Solid-State Battery Construction  1-18

1.8   Battery Is Electrochemical Device  1-20

1.9   Battery Depends On Chemical Energy  1-21

1.9.1    Characteristics Of Battery Cells  1-21

1.9.2    Batteries Are Designed Differently For Various Applications  1-23

 

2. Thin Film Lithium Ion Battery Market

Shares and Market Forecasts   2-1

2.1   Worldwide Nanotechnology Thin Film Lithium-Ion

Battery Market Driving Forces  2-1

2.1.1    Market Driving Forces  2-2

2.1.2    Nanotechnology Forms the Base for Lithium-Ion Batteries  2-7

2.1.3    Competitors  2-7

2.2   Lithium-Ion Battery Market Shares  2-7

2.2.1    ExxonMobil Affiliate in Japan / Tonen Chemical 2-10

2.3   Lithium-Ion Battery Market Forecasts  2-11

2.4   Electric Vehicle and Hybrid Vehicle Lithium-Ion

Battery Market Shares  2-14

2.4.1    BYD   2-16

2.4.2    Johnson Controls-Saft 2-16

2.4.3    Saft Battery Technologies  2-17

2.4.4    A123Systems 32 Series Automotive Class

Lithium Ion™ Cells: 2-17

2.4.5    NEC and Nissen  2-19

2.4.6    LG Chem   2-20

2.4.7    EnerDel 2-20

2.4.8    Competition  2-20

2.5   Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Lithium-Ion

Battery Market Forecasts  2-21

2.5.1    Largest Target Market, The Transportation Industry  2-25

Thin Film Advanced Lithium-Ion Battery EV Market 2-27

Thin Film Lithium-Ion And Lithium Polymer Automotive Batteries  2-27

2.6   Thin-Film and Printed Batteries: On-Board

Solutions for Low-Power Electronics  2-29

2.6.1    Solicore Tiny Flat Battery  2-31

2.6.2    Thin-Film, Organic, and Printed Batteries:

On-Board Solutions for Low-Power Electronics  2-32

2.7   Cell Phone, Communications, And PC Lithium-Ion

Battery Technology Markets Discussion  2-33

2.7.1    Samsung SDI  2-33

2.7.2    BYD   2-33

2.7.3    Saft 2-33

2.7.4    Portable Power Competition  2-34

2.8   Lithium-Ion Battery Technology Portable Power

Market, Power Tools Market Shares  2-34

2.8.1    A123 Systems  2-36

2.9   Lithium-Ion Battery Technology Portable Power,

Power Tools Market Forecasts  2-37

2.10     Lithium-Ion Battery Technology Electric

Grid Services Markets  2-40

2.10.1  Electric Grid Services  2-42

2.11     Thin Film Lithium-Ion Battery Market Positioning  2-43

2.11.1  US And Its Allies Are Changing The Military Landscape  2-48

2.12     Digital Device Battery Forecasts  2-51

 

3. Thin Film Lithium-Ion Battery Product Description   3-1

3.1   A123 Systems  3-1

3.1.1    A123 Systems Lithium Ion Cell Construction

Based On A Dual Plate Tubular Design  3-4

3.1.2    A123Systems 32 Series Automotive Class

Lithium Ion™ Cells: 3-5

3.1.3    GM and A123Systems Co-Develop

Lithium-Ion Battery Cell for Chevrolet Volt 3-11

3.1.4    A123Systems / GE Production Contract for

Norewegian Think Electric Vehicles  3-12

3.1.5    A123Systems Patent for Nanophosphate™

Lithium Ion Battery Technology  3-14

3.2   LG Chem   3-15

3.2.1    LG Lithium-Ion Cylindrical Battery  3-15

3.2.2    LG Lithium-ion Polymer Battery  3-15

3.2.3    LG Lithium-ion Battery Prismatic Type  3-17

3.2.4    LG Chem   3-17

3.3   SAFT   3-18

3.3.1    Saft Lithium-ion (Li-ion) Batteries  3-18

3.3.2    Saft is Li-ion Batteries For Commercial

GEO Satellites to JSC ISS of Russia  3-19

3.3.3    Saft Contract To Power Hybrid Electric Mobile

Utility Systems From Titan Energy Development 3-21

3.3.4    Saft and ABB Develop New High Voltage Li-ion

Battery System   3-22

3.3.5    Saft Hybrid Battery Technology for Wisconsin Clean Energy  3-24

3.3.6    Saft High-Energy Lithium-Ion (Li-ion) Batteries For Raytheon  3-25

3.3.7    Saft Lithium-Ion (Li-ion) Battery Backup Systems  3-25

3.3.8    Saft Energy Storage As A Key

Renewable Energy Enabling Technology  3-26

3.3.9    Saft / Solion Large Li-ion batteries  3-27

3.3.10  Saft Lithium-Sulfur Dioxide (Li-So2) Batteries  3-31

3.3.11  Saft Lithium Technologies  3-32

3.3.12  Saft Lithium-thionyl chloride (Li-SOCl2) 3-32

3.3.13  Lithium-thionyl chloride (Li-SOCl2) – LS/LST/LSG cell ranges  3-35

3.3.14  Saft Small LS/LST bobbin cells  3-36

3.3.15  Saft Large LS/T bobbin cells  3-38

3.3.16  Saft Lithium-Manganese Dioxide (Li-MnO2) 3-43

3.3.17  Saft Lithium-ion (Li-ion) 3-43

3.4   BYD   3-50

3.4.1    Warren Buffett Buys 10 Percent Stake In BYD

Chinese Battery Manufacturer 3-50

3.4.2    BYD Battery Expertise  3-52

3.5   Panasonic / Sanyo  3-53

3.6   Samsung  3-54

3.7   Ener1  / EnerDel 3-55

3.7.1    EnerDel Lithium-Ion Prismatic Design  3-56

3.7.2    EnerDel Addressing Market Demand for

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) 3-56

3.7.3    EnerDel 5Amp Battery Pack  3-60

3.8   Imara  3-60

3.9   ExxonMobil Affiliate in Japan / Tonen Chemical 3-62

3.9.1    Tonen Chemical Leading Supplier Of Separators

For Lithium Ion Batteries  3-63

3.10     NEC   3-63

3.10.1  Nissan and NEC Group  3-64

3.10.2  Nissan And NEC Joint Venture  3-65

3.10.3  NEC High-Performance Lithium-Ion Batteries

Employ A Compact Laminated Configuration  3-66

3.10.4  NEC / Nissan Low-Cost Lithium-Manganese Batteries  3-67

3.10.5  NEC Lamilion Energy  3-68

3.10.6  NEC Subaru  3-68

3.10.7  NEC Thin Film Battery Has Sixteen Modules

Consisting Of Twelve Cells, Serially Connected  3-69

3.10.8  NEC / Subaru Thin Film Battery Flat Shape  3-69

3.11     Sony  3-71

3.12     Matshushita Industrial Co., Ltd.  (Panasonic) 3-73

3.12.1  Panasonic Lithium Batteries  3-74

3.12.2  Panasonic Lithium-Ion Rechargeable Batteries  3-75

3.13     E-One Moli Energy  3-79

3.13.1  Product Data Sheets  3-81

3.14     QuantumSphere  3-82

3.15     Solicore Ultra Thin-Film Battery  3-84

3.15.1  Solicore’s Flexion Lithium Polymer Batteries  3-86

3.15.2  Solicore Flexion Lithium Powered Cards  3-87

3.15.3  Solicore RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) Devices  3-89

3.15.4  Solicore’s Flexion® Batteries Bluechip Million Unit Purchase  3-90

3.15.5  Solicore Supports Smart Cards  3-91

3.16     Cymbet EnerChip™ Solid-State, Rechargeable

Thin-Film Batteries  3-92

3.16.1  Cymbet Enerchip™ Sensors Support 3-94

3.17     Front Edge Technology  3-95

3.18     Excellatron Thin-Film Micro-Batteries  3-95

3.18.1  Contrast To Conventional Lithium Cells  3-95

3.18.2  Excellatron Market Advantage  3-97

3.18.3  Excellatron Battery Current State of the Art 3-99

3.18.4  Excellatron Battery Intrinsically Safe  3-101

3.18.5  High Temperature Performance of

Excellatron Thin Film Batteries  3-101

3.18.6  Excellatron Long Cycle Life  3-109

3.18.7  Excellatron Polymer Film Substrate for Thin Flexible Profile  3-111

3.18.8  Excellatron Unique Proprietary Passivation

Barrier and Packaging Solution  3-113

3.19     Front Edge 50,000 Prototypes Of Nanoenergy Batteries  3-117

3.19.1  Front Edge Technology (FET) 3-117

3.20     Infinite Power Solutions (IPS) Flexible Thin-Film Batteries  3-127

3.20.1  Infinite Power Solutions  3-129

3.21     Oak Ridge Micro-Energy  3-130

3.21.1  Oak Ridge Micro-Energy Thin Film Batteries  3-132

3.22     Energizer  3-132

3.22.1  Energizer Holdings  3-133

3.23     Valence  3-134

3.23.1  PVI for Valence’s U-Charge(R) XP Energy Storage Systems  3-134

3.23.2  Valence Lithium Phosphate  3-135

3.23.3  Valence Lithium Phosphate Stability and Dependability  3-137

3.23.4  Valence Safety Focus  3-137

3.23.5  Valence Lithium Phosphate Alternative to Lead-Acid  3-138

3.23.6  Valence Lithium Phosphate Storage and Run-Time  3-138

3.23.7  Valence Lithium Phosphate Safety and Maintenance Free  3-138

3.24     ITN Energy Systems  3-139

3.24.1  ITN Intelligent Processing, Sensors, & Controls: 3-142

3.24.2  ITN Control: 3-144

3.24.3  ITN Sensors  3-147

3.24.4  ITN Unique Sensors: X-Ray Fluorescence And

Parallel Detection Spectroscopic Ellipsometer 3-148

3.25     ULVAC   3-159

3.26     Intersil 3-159

 

4. Thin Film Lithium Ion Battery Technology   4-1

4.1   Vendor Lithium-ion Battery Strategy  4-1

4.1.1    Rechargeable Lithium Batteries Characteristics  4-2

4.2   Challenges in Battery Design  4-3

4.2.1    Advanced Lithium-ion Batteries Requirements  4-7

4.3   Vendor Lithium-Ion Battery Positioning  4-8

4.3.1    High-Quality, Volume Manufacturing Facilities  4-10

4.4   Applications Of Lithium-Ion Batteries  4-11

4.5   Mobile Phone Industry  4-12

4.5.1    Nanowires  4-13

4.5.2    Thin Film Battery Enabling Chemistries  4-13

4.5.3    The Cathodes  4-14

4.5.4    Solid State Devices Provide More Energy Density  4-14

4.6   Advantages of Lithium-Ion Batteries  4-15

4.6.1    Lithium-Ion Battery Shortcomings  4-18

4.6.2    Charging  4-19

4.6.3    Applications  4-19

4.6.4    Costs  4-20

4.7   Lithium Cell Chemistry Variants  4-20

4.7.1    Lithium-ion  4-21

4.7.2    Lithium-ion Polymer 4-22

4.7.3    Other Lithium Cathode Chemistry Variants  4-23

4.7.4    Lithium Cobalt LiCoO2  4-23

4.7.5    Lithium Manganese LiMn2O4  4-23

4.7.6    Lithium Nickel LiNiO2  4-24

4.7.7    Lithium (NCM) Nickel Cobal Manganese – Li(NiCoMn)O2  4-24

4.7.8    Lithium Iron Phosphate LiFePO4  4-24

4.8   Operating Performance Of The Cell Can Be Tuned  4-25

4.9   Lithium Metal Polymer  4-26

4.9.1    Lithium Sulphur Li2S8  4-26

4.9.2    Alternative Anode Chemistry  4-26

4.10     ExxonMobil affiliate, Tonen Chemical

Polyethylene-Based, Porous Film   4-27

4.11     Cymbet Alternate Manufacturing  4-27

4.12     Thin-Film Batteries Packaging  4-27

4.13     ITN Energy Systems Fibrous Substrates, PowerFiber  4-28

4.13.1  ITN Sensors  4-31

4.14     Cell Construction  4-32

4.15     Impact Of Nanotechnology  4-33

4.16     Thin Film Batteries  4-34

4.16.1  Thin Film Battery Timescales and Costs  4-37

4.16.2  High Power And Energy Density  4-37

4.16.3  High Rate Capability  4-38

4.17     Comparison Of Rechargeable Battery Performance  4-39

4.18     Polymer Film Substrate  4-45

4.19     Micro Battery Solid Electrolyte  4-46

 

5.1  Nanotechnology Thin Film Battery Lithium-Ion Company Profiles   5-1

5.1   Nanotechnology Thin Film Battery Lithium-Ion  5-1

5.2   A123 Systems  5-1

5.2.1    A123 Systems Revenue  5-1

5.2.2    A123Systems Registration Statement for Initial Public Offering  5-2

5.2.3    A123 Systems Batteries Benefits  5-2

5.2.4    A123 Systems Competitive Advantage  5-4

5.2.5    A123 Systems Strategy  5-7

5.2.6    A123Systems and GE   5-8

5.2.7    A123 Acquisition of Hymotion  5-9

5.2.8    Procter & Gamble Duracell and A123 Systems Collaborate  5-10

5.2.9    Cobasys and A123 Systems  5-10

5.3   Advanced Cerametrics  5-11

5.4   Altair Nanotechnologies  5-12

5.4.1    Altair Nanotechnologies Power and Energy Group  5-12

5.4.2    Altair Nanotechnologies Performance Materials Division  5-12

5.4.3    Altair Nanotechnologies Life Sciences Division  5-14

5.4.4    Altair Nanotechnologies One-Megawatt Battery

System Available for Commercial Operation by AES

Energy Storage, LLC   5-14

5.4.5    Altair Nanotechnologies Revenues  5-15

5.5   Applied Data  5-16

5.6   Bekaert 5-16

5.7   Robert Bosch GmbH   5-17

5.8   Boston Power / Sonata  5-17

5.9   BYD   5-21

5.9.1    Warren Buffett Buys 10 Percent Stake In BYD

Chinese Battery Manufacturer 5-21

5.10     Cymbet 5-23

5.10.1  Cymbet Thin-Film, Solid-State Battery Technology  5-23

5.10.2  Cymbet and ANT Wireless Sensor Network  5-23

5.10.3  Garmin International ANT™ Wireless Network  5-25

5.11     Dow   5-25

5.12     E-One Moli Energy Group  5-26

5.13     Ener1  5-27

5.13.1  Ener1 Third Quarter 2008 Revenue  5-27

5.13.2  Ener1 Positioning Technology Originally

Pioneered By Argonne National Lab  5-30

5.13.3  Ener1 Acquires Enertech Leading Korean

Lithium-ion Battery Cell Producer 5-31

5.13.4  Ener1 / Enertech Specializes In Producing

Large Format Flat (“Prismatic”) Cells  5-32

5.13.5  EnerDel Operations  5-34

5.14     Energizer  5-39

5.15     Excellatron  5-44

5.16     Exon  5-45

5.16.1  ExxonMobil Chemical / Tonen Chemical Corporation  5-46

5.17     Front Edge Technology (FET) 5-47

5.18     GE   5-47

5.18.1  GE Global Research  5-48

5.18.2  GE Energy Financial Services  5-48

5.19     GM    5-48

5.19.1  General Motors Faces Bankruptcy  5-50

5.20     Ignite  5-51

5.21     IPS  5-51

5.22     Johnson Controls-Saft 5-52

5.23     KSW Microtec  5-52

5.24     LG Petrochemical 5-53

5.24.1  LG Chem   5-54

5.25     MMT Funds  5-54

5.26     NEC   5-54

5.26.1  Nissan Motor Co., Ltd., NEC, And Subsidiary

NEC TOKIN Joint-Venture Company – Automotive

Energy Supply Corporation (AESC) – 5-55

5.26.2  First Commercial Application For AESC’s Li-Ion Batteries  5-57

5.26.3  NEC TOKIN Lithium-Manganese Electrodes by 2009  5-59

5.26.4  Nissan Partnership With NEC   5-59

5.26.5  NEC Lamilion Energy  5-60

5.27     Oak Ridge Micro-Energy  5-60

5.28     Panasonic / Sanyo  5-61

5.29     QuantumSphere  5-63

5.30     Saft 5-64

5.30.1  Saft Battery Technologies  5-66

5.30.2  Saft Industrial Battery Group (IBG) 5-68

5.30.3  Saft Specialty Battery Group (SBG) 5-69

5.30.4  Saft Rechargeable Battery Systems (RBS) 5-71

5.30.5  Saft Research and Development 5-71

5.30.6  Johnson Controls-Saft United States Advanced

Battery Consortium (USABC) 5-72

5.31     Samsung  5-73

5.32     Solicore  5-73

5.32.1  Solicore’s Flexion® Batteries Bluechip Million Unit Purchase  5-74

5.32.2  Solicore Embedded Power Solutions  5-75

5.33     Think  5-75

5.34     Valence  5-76

5.34.1  Valence Strategy  5-77

5.34.2  Phases Of Valence Business Strategy  5-78

5.35     Ulvac  5-80

 

Tables and Figures
Table ES-1  ES-4

Lithium-Ion Battery Market Driving Forces 

Table ES-2  ES-6

Energy Advantages Of Thin-Film Batteries 

Figure ES-3  ES-8

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2008 

Figure ES-4  ES-10

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery 

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2009-2015 

 

Table 1-1  1-3

Principal Features Used To Compare Rechargeable Batteries 

Figure 1-2  1-8

BMW’s Mini E Electric Car Powered By A Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Battery 

Table 1-3  1-9

Examples of Hybrid Electric Vehicles 

Figure 1-4  1-19

Typical Structure Of A Thin Film Solid State Battery 

Table 1-5  1-22

Characteristics Of Battery Cells 

 

Table 2-1  2-4

Lithium-Ion Battery Market Driving Forces 

Table 2-2  2-6

Energy Advantages Of Thin-Film Batteries 

Figure 2-3  2-8

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery 

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2008 

Table 2-4  2-9

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery 

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2008 

Figure 2-5  2-12

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery 

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2009-2015 

Figure 2-6  2-13

Worldwide Lithium-Ion and Advanced Lithium-ion

Battery Market Forecasts,  Automotive, Power Tools,

Electric Grid, and PC Card,  Dollars, 2009-2015 

Figure 2-7  2-14

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Automotive Advanced Battery 

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2008 

Figure 2-8  2-15

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Automotive Advanced Battery 

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2008 

 

Figure 2-9  2-21

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery 

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2009-2015 

Figure 2-10  2-22

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery 

Shipments, Market Shares, Units, 2009-2015 

Figure 2-11  2-23

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery 

Shipments, Market Shares, Units and Dollars, 2009-2015 

Figure 2-12  2-30

Worldwide PC Card On Board Lithium-Ion Batteries 

Market Forecasts, Dollars, 2009-2015 

Figure 2-13  2-35

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Cordless Tool Advanced Battery Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2008 

Table 2-14  2-36

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Cordless Tool Advanced Battery Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2008 

Figure 2-15  2-38

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Battery Portable Power

Tool and Advanced Portable Battery Shipments,

Market Forecasts, Dollars, 2009-2015 

Figure 2-16  2-41

Worldwide Electric Grid Lithium-Ion Battery

Storage Market Forecasts, Dollars, 2009-2015 

Table 2-17  2-45

Commercialization Challenges Of The Automotive,

Truck, and Bus Thin Film Battery Industry 

Table 2-18  2-47

Integrated Thin Film Battery Personal Transport

Power Systems 

Table 2-19  2-49

Requirements For Advanced Power Sources In A

Variety Of Military Applications 

Table 2-20  2-50

Large-Format Lithium-Ion Battery Key Advantages 

Table 2-20 (Continued) 2-51

Large-Format Lithium-Ion Battery Key Advantages 

 

Figure 3-1  3-2

A123 Systems Lithium Ion Battery 

Table 3-2  3-3

A123 Systems APR18650M1 Features 

Figure 3-3  3-4

A123 Systems lithium ion battery Cells: 26650 

Figure 3-4  3-5

A123 Cells: 32 Series 

Figure 3-5  3-7

A123 Systems Hybrid Characteristics 

Figure 3-6  3-8

A123 Systems Hybrid Discharge Characteristics 

 

Table 3-7  3-9

A123 Systems Benefits…

Table 3-8  3-10

A123 Systems Heavy Duty Custom and Standard Solutions 

Figure 3-9  3-16

LG Chem Lithium-Ion Batteries 

Table 3-10  3-32

Saft Lithium Technologies 

Table 3-11  3-33

Saft Lithium-Ion Battery Main applications 

Table 3-11  (Continued) 3-34

Saft Lithium-Ion Battery Main applications 

Figure 3-12  3-35

Saft Non Rechargeable Battery 

Table 3-13  3-39

Saft Lithium-Ion Construction Features 

Table 3-14  3-40

Saft Lithium-Ion Battery Benefits 

Figure 3-15  3-42

Saft Lithium-Sulfur Dioxide (Li-SO2) Batteries 

Table 3-16  3-44

Saft Lithium-Ion Battery Variations 

Table 3-16  (Continued) 3-45

Saft Lithium-Ion Battery Variations 

Table 3-16  (Continued) 3-46

Saft Lithium-Ion Battery Variations 

Table 3-16  (Continued) 3-47

Saft Lithium-Ion Battery Variations 

Table 3-16  (Continued) 3-48

Saft Lithium-Ion Battery Variations 

Table 3-16  (Continued) 3-49

Saft Lithium-Ion Battery Variations 

Figure 3-17  3-57

EnerDel Automotive Battery 

Table 3-18  3-58

EnerDel Lithium Ion Battery System for HEVs 

Table 3-19  3-59

EnerDel Automotive Battery Features 

Table 3-20  3-60

Imara Thin Film Battery Cells 

Figure 3-21  3-65

NEC Fuel Cells and Catalysts 

Table 3-22  3-72

Key Features of Sony NP-FP71 Hybrid Lithium Ion

Rechargeable Battery 

Table 3-22  (Continued) 3-73

Key Features of Sony NP-FP71 Hybrid Lithium Ion

Rechargeable Battery 

Figure 3-23  3-74

Panasonic Lithium Batteries 

Figure 3-24  3-75

Panasonic Lithium-Ion Rechargable Batteries 

Table 3-25  3-76

Panasonic Rechargeable Lithium ion Batteries Features:

Table 3-26  3-76

Panasonic Rechargeable Lithium ion Batteries 

Table 3-27  3-77

Panasonic Rechargeable Lithium ion Batteries 

Table 3-28  3-85

Solicore Flexion Battery Product Features:

Table 3-29  3-86

Solicore’s Flexion Lithium Polymer Battery Applications 

Table 3-30  3-87

Solicore’s Flexion Lithium Polymer Battery Uses 

Figure 3-31  3-88

Solicore Flexion High Temperature Batteries Survive Lamination 

Table 3-31A   3-89

Solicore RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) Applications 

Table 3-32  3-96

Excellatron Nanotechnology Thin Film Battery Features 

Table 3-33  3-97

Excellatron Battery Advantages 

Table 3-34  3-99

Excellatron Battery Thin Film Solid State Battery Components 

Figure 3-35  3-102

Excellatron Thin Film Battery Charge/Discharge Profile at 25ºC.

Figure 3-36  3-103

Excellatron Thin Film Battery Charge/Discharge

Profile At 150ºC.

Figure 3-37  3-104

Excellatron High Temperature (150ºC) Charge And

Discharge Capacity 

Figure 3-38  3-106

Excellatron Capacity And Resistance Of Thin Film Battery

As A Function Of Temperature 

Figure 3-39  3-106

Excellatron’s Battery (0.1 mAh) Discharged By A 100 mA

Pulse at 80ºC.

Figure 3-40  3-108

Excellatron High Rate Pulse Discharge 

Figure 3-41  3-109

Long Term Cyclability Of A Thin Film Solid State Battery 

Figure 3-42: 3-110

Excellatron Thin Film Battery Long Term Cyclability 

Figure 3-43  3-111

Discharge Capacity Of Several Typical Cathode Materials 

Figure 3-44: 3-112

Excellatron Thin film batteries deposited on a thin polymer substrate.

Figure 3-45  3-114

Excellatron Proprietary Passivation Barrier and Packaging 

Table 3-46  3-115

Comparison Of Battery Performances 

Figure 3-47  3-131

Oak Ridge Construction of a Thin Film Battery 

Table 3-48  3-136

Key Features of Valence Lithium Phosphate Technology 

Table 3-49  3-139

ITN Commercial Markets:

Figure 3-50  3-140

ITN Thin Film Battery:

Table 3-51  3-141

ITN Thin Film Battery Design Features/Advantages 

Table 3-52  3-142

ITN Thin Film Battery Economical production 

Table 3-53  3-143

ITN Thin Film Battery Strengths 

Figure 3-54  3-145

ITN Intelligent Process Control

Figure 3-55  3-146

Framework of Intelligent Processing of Materials 

Figure 3-56  3-149

XRF Instrument Developed by ITN Used on a System  

Figure 3-57  3-150

Thin Film Deposition 

Figure 3- 58  3-150

ITP Thin-film Process 

Table 3-59  3-151

Thin-film Process Capabilities 

Table 3-60  3-152

ITNThin-film Material Processing Experience Metals 

 

Table 4-1  4-4

Challenges in Lithium-ion Battery Design 

Table 4-2  4-35

Thin Film Battery Unique Properties 

Table 4-3  4-38

Comparison of battery performances 

Table 4-4  4-40

Comparison of battery performances 

Table 4-5  4-42

Thin Films For Advanced Batteries 

Table 4-6  4-43

Thin Film Batteries Technology 

Table 4-7  4-44

Thin Film Battery / Lithium Air Batteries Applications 

Figure 4-8  4-45

Polymer Film Substrate Thin Flexible battery Profiles 

Figure 4-9  4-46

Design Alternatives of Thin Film Rechargable Batteries 

 

Table 5-1  5-3

A123 Systems Batteries Benefits 

Table 5-2  5-5

A123 Systems Competitive Positioning 

Table 5-2  (Continued) 5-6

A123 Systems Competitive Positioning 

Table 5-2  (Continued) 5-7

A123 Systems Competitive Positioning 

Figure 5-3  5-19

Boston-Power Charge Curve 

 

Figure 5-4  5-20

Boston-Power Discharge Curve 

Figure 5-5  5-35

EnerDel Operations 

Figure 5-6  5-36

EnerDel Lithium Power Systems 

Figure 5-7  5-37

EnerDel Lithium Power USABC Contracts 

Figure 5-8  5-38

EnerDel Lithium Power Think Projct

Figure 5-9  5-63

Sanyo Battery Targets 2020 

Figure 5-10  5-65

Saft Sales Segments Half 1, 2008 

Figure 5-11  5-67

Saft Revenue H1 2008 

Figure 5-12  5-81

Ulvac Vacuum Pumps, Gauges, and Valves
 
 

Worldwide nanotechnology thin film lithium-ion batteries are poised to achieve significant growth as units become more able to achieve deliver of power to electric vehicles efficiently. Less expensive lithium-ion batteries allow leveraging economies of scale and proliferation of devices into a wide range of applications. According to Susan Eustis, lead author of the study, “Economies of scale leverage the lithium-ion battery nanotechnology advances needed to make lithium-ion batteries competitive. Nanotechnology provided by lithium-ion research solves the issues poised by the need to store renewable energy. Lithium-ion batteries switch price reductions are poised to drive market adoption by making units affordable.”

Nanotechnology results obtained in the laboratory are being translated into commercial products. The processes of translating the nanotechnology science into thin film lithium ion batteries are anticipated to be ongoing. The breakthroughs of science in the laboratory have only begun to be translated into life outside the lab, with a long way to go in improving the functioning of the lithium-ion batteries. Unlike any other battery technology, thin film solid-state batteries show very high cycle life. Using very thin cathodes (0.05µm) batteries have been cycled in excess of 45,000 cycles with very limited loss in capacity. After 45,000 cycles, 95% of the original capacity remained.

Then there is the problem of translating the evolving technology into manufacturing process. What this means is that the market will be very dynamic, with the market leaders continuously being challenged by innovators, large and small that develop more cost efficient units. Systems integration and manufacturing capabilities have developed a broad family of high-power lithium-ion batteries and battery systems. A family of battery products, combined with strategic partner relationships in the transportation, electric grid services and portable power markets, position vendors to address these markets for lithium-ion batteries.

Electric Vehicles depend on design, development, manufacture, and support of advanced, rechargeable lithium-ion batteries. Batteries provide a combination of power, safety and life. Next-generation energy storage solutions are evolving as commercially available batteries. Lithium-ion batteries will play an increasingly important role in facilitating a shift toward cleaner forms of energy.

Innovative approaches to materials science and battery engineering are available from a large number of very significant companies — GE, Panasonic Sanyo / Matsushita Industrial Co., Ltd., NEC, Saft, Toshiba, BYD / Berkshire Hathaway, LG Chem, Altair Nanotechnologies, Samsung, Sony, A123 Systems with MIT technology, and Altair Nanotechnologies.

Markets for lithium-ion batteries at $911 million in 2008 are anticipated to reach $9.1 billion by 2015, growing in response to decreases in unit costs and increases. Lithiumion batteries used in cell phones and PCs, and in cordless power tools are proving the technology. Units are shipped into military markets and are used in satellites, proving the feasibility of systems. Small, lithium-ion prismatic batteries prove the feasibility of this technology. The large emerging markets are for hybrid and electric vehicles powered by renewable energy systems.

Report Methodology
This is the 399th report in a series of market research reports that provide forecasts in communications, telecommunications, the internet, computer, software, and telephone equipment. The project leaders take direct responsibility for writing and preparing each report. They have significant experience preparing industry studies. Forecasts are based on primary research and proprietary data bases. Forecasts reflect analysis of the market trends in the segment and related segments. Unit and dollar shipments are analyzed through consideration of dollar volume of each market participation in the segment. Market share analysis includes conversations with key customers of products, industry segment leaders, marketing directors, distributors, leading market participants, and companies seeking to develop measurable market share. Over 200 in-depth interviews are conducted for each report with a broad range of key participants and opinion leaders in the market segment.
 
 
  Table of Contents : 
Thin Film Lithium Ion Battery Executive Summary   ES-1

Worldwide Nanotechnology Thin Film Lithium-Ion

Battery Market Driving Forces  ES-1

Market Driving Forces  ES-2

Nanotechnology Forms the Base for Lithium-Ion Batteries  ES-7

Competitors  ES-7

Lithium-Ion Battery Market Shares  ES-7

Lithium-Ion Battery Market Forecasts  ES-9

 

1. Thin Film Lithium Ion Battery

Market Description and Market Dynamics   1-1

1.1   Lithium-Ion Battery Target Markets  1-1

1.1.1    Project Better Place and the Renault-Nissan Alliance  1-2

1.1.2    Largest Target Market, The Transportation Industry  1-3

1.1.3    Electric Grid Services Market 1-4

1.1.4    Portable Power Market, Power Tools  1-5

1.2   Lithium-Ion Battery Technologies Transportation

Industry Target Market 1-7

1.3   Energy Storage For Grid Stabilization  1-11

1.3.1    Local Energy Storage Benefit For Utilities  1-12

1.4   Applications Require On-Printed Circuit

Board Battery Power  1-13

1.4.1    Thin-film vs. Printed Batteries  1-13

1.5   Smart Buildings  1-14

1.5.1    Permanent Power for Wireless Sensors  1-16

1.6   Battery Safety / Potential Hazards  1-17

1.7   Thin Film Solid-State Battery Construction  1-18

1.8   Battery Is Electrochemical Device  1-20

1.9   Battery Depends On Chemical Energy  1-21

1.9.1    Characteristics Of Battery Cells  1-21

1.9.2    Batteries Are Designed Differently For Various Applications  1-23

 

2. Thin Film Lithium Ion Battery Market

Shares and Market Forecasts   2-1

2.1   Worldwide Nanotechnology Thin Film Lithium-Ion

Battery Market Driving Forces  2-1

2.1.1    Market Driving Forces  2-2

2.1.2    Nanotechnology Forms the Base for Lithium-Ion Batteries  2-7

2.1.3    Competitors  2-7

2.2   Lithium-Ion Battery Market Shares  2-7

2.2.1    ExxonMobil Affiliate in Japan / Tonen Chemical 2-10

2.3   Lithium-Ion Battery Market Forecasts  2-11

2.4   Electric Vehicle and Hybrid Vehicle Lithium-Ion

Battery Market Shares  2-14

2.4.1    BYD   2-16

2.4.2    Johnson Controls-Saft 2-16

2.4.3    Saft Battery Technologies  2-17

2.4.4    A123Systems 32 Series Automotive Class

Lithium Ion™ Cells: 2-17

2.4.5    NEC and Nissen  2-19

2.4.6    LG Chem   2-20

2.4.7    EnerDel 2-20

2.4.8    Competition  2-20

2.5   Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Lithium-Ion

Battery Market Forecasts  2-21

2.5.1    Largest Target Market, The Transportation Industry  2-25

Thin Film Advanced Lithium-Ion Battery EV Market 2-27

Thin Film Lithium-Ion And Lithium Polymer Automotive Batteries  2-27

2.6   Thin-Film and Printed Batteries: On-Board

Solutions for Low-Power Electronics  2-29

2.6.1    Solicore Tiny Flat Battery  2-31

2.6.2    Thin-Film, Organic, and Printed Batteries:

On-Board Solutions for Low-Power Electronics  2-32

2.7   Cell Phone, Communications, And PC Lithium-Ion

Battery Technology Markets Discussion  2-33

2.7.1    Samsung SDI  2-33

2.7.2    BYD   2-33

2.7.3    Saft 2-33

2.7.4    Portable Power Competition  2-34

2.8   Lithium-Ion Battery Technology Portable Power

Market, Power Tools Market Shares  2-34

2.8.1    A123 Systems  2-36

2.9   Lithium-Ion Battery Technology Portable Power,

Power Tools Market Forecasts  2-37

2.10     Lithium-Ion Battery Technology Electric

Grid Services Markets  2-40

2.10.1  Electric Grid Services  2-42

2.11     Thin Film Lithium-Ion Battery Market Positioning  2-43

2.11.1  US And Its Allies Are Changing The Military Landscape  2-48

2.12     Digital Device Battery Forecasts  2-51

 

3. Thin Film Lithium-Ion Battery Product Description   3-1

3.1   A123 Systems  3-1

3.1.1    A123 Systems Lithium Ion Cell Construction

Based On A Dual Plate Tubular Design  3-4

3.1.2    A123Systems 32 Series Automotive Class

Lithium Ion™ Cells: 3-5

3.1.3    GM and A123Systems Co-Develop

Lithium-Ion Battery Cell for Chevrolet Volt 3-11

3.1.4    A123Systems / GE Production Contract for

Norewegian Think Electric Vehicles  3-12

3.1.5    A123Systems Patent for Nanophosphate™

Lithium Ion Battery Technology  3-14

3.2   LG Chem   3-15

3.2.1    LG Lithium-Ion Cylindrical Battery  3-15

3.2.2    LG Lithium-ion Polymer Battery  3-15

3.2.3    LG Lithium-ion Battery Prismatic Type  3-17

3.2.4    LG Chem   3-17

3.3   SAFT   3-18

3.3.1    Saft Lithium-ion (Li-ion) Batteries  3-18

3.3.2    Saft is Li-ion Batteries For Commercial

GEO Satellites to JSC ISS of Russia  3-19

3.3.3    Saft Contract To Power Hybrid Electric Mobile

Utility Systems From Titan Energy Development 3-21

3.3.4    Saft and ABB Develop New High Voltage Li-ion

Battery System   3-22

3.3.5    Saft Hybrid Battery Technology for Wisconsin Clean Energy  3-24

3.3.6    Saft High-Energy Lithium-Ion (Li-ion) Batteries For Raytheon  3-25

3.3.7    Saft Lithium-Ion (Li-ion) Battery Backup Systems  3-25

3.3.8    Saft Energy Storage As A Key

Renewable Energy Enabling Technology  3-26

3.3.9    Saft / Solion Large Li-ion batteries  3-27

3.3.10  Saft Lithium-Sulfur Dioxide (Li-So2) Batteries  3-31

3.3.11  Saft Lithium Technologies  3-32

3.3.12  Saft Lithium-thionyl chloride (Li-SOCl2) 3-32

3.3.13  Lithium-thionyl chloride (Li-SOCl2) – LS/LST/LSG cell ranges  3-35

3.3.14  Saft Small LS/LST bobbin cells  3-36

3.3.15  Saft Large LS/T bobbin cells  3-38

3.3.16  Saft Lithium-Manganese Dioxide (Li-MnO2) 3-43

3.3.17  Saft Lithium-ion (Li-ion) 3-43

3.4   BYD   3-50

3.4.1    Warren Buffett Buys 10 Percent Stake In BYD

Chinese Battery Manufacturer 3-50

3.4.2    BYD Battery Expertise  3-52

3.5   Panasonic / Sanyo  3-53

3.6   Samsung  3-54

3.7   Ener1  / EnerDel 3-55

3.7.1    EnerDel Lithium-Ion Prismatic Design  3-56

3.7.2    EnerDel Addressing Market Demand for

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) 3-56

3.7.3    EnerDel 5Amp Battery Pack  3-60

3.8   Imara  3-60

3.9   ExxonMobil Affiliate in Japan / Tonen Chemical 3-62

3.9.1    Tonen Chemical Leading Supplier Of Separators

For Lithium Ion Batteries  3-63

3.10     NEC   3-63

3.10.1  Nissan and NEC Group  3-64

3.10.2  Nissan And NEC Joint Venture  3-65

3.10.3  NEC High-Performance Lithium-Ion Batteries

Employ A Compact Laminated Configuration  3-66

3.10.4  NEC / Nissan Low-Cost Lithium-Manganese Batteries  3-67

3.10.5  NEC Lamilion Energy  3-68

3.10.6  NEC Subaru  3-68

3.10.7  NEC Thin Film Battery Has Sixteen Modules

Consisting Of Twelve Cells, Serially Connected  3-69

3.10.8  NEC / Subaru Thin Film Battery Flat Shape  3-69

3.11     Sony  3-71

3.12     Matshushita Industrial Co., Ltd.  (Panasonic) 3-73

3.12.1  Panasonic Lithium Batteries  3-74

3.12.2  Panasonic Lithium-Ion Rechargeable Batteries  3-75

3.13     E-One Moli Energy  3-79

3.13.1  Product Data Sheets  3-81

3.14     QuantumSphere  3-82

3.15     Solicore Ultra Thin-Film Battery  3-84

3.15.1  Solicore’s Flexion Lithium Polymer Batteries  3-86

3.15.2  Solicore Flexion Lithium Powered Cards  3-87

3.15.3  Solicore RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) Devices  3-89

3.15.4  Solicore’s Flexion® Batteries Bluechip Million Unit Purchase  3-90

3.15.5  Solicore Supports Smart Cards  3-91

3.16     Cymbet EnerChip™ Solid-State, Rechargeable

Thin-Film Batteries  3-92

3.16.1  Cymbet Enerchip™ Sensors Support 3-94

3.17     Front Edge Technology  3-95

3.18     Excellatron Thin-Film Micro-Batteries  3-95

3.18.1  Contrast To Conventional Lithium Cells  3-95

3.18.2  Excellatron Market Advantage  3-97

3.18.3  Excellatron Battery Current State of the Art 3-99

3.18.4  Excellatron Battery Intrinsically Safe  3-101

3.18.5  High Temperature Performance of

Excellatron Thin Film Batteries  3-101

3.18.6  Excellatron Long Cycle Life  3-109

3.18.7  Excellatron Polymer Film Substrate for Thin Flexible Profile  3-111

3.18.8  Excellatron Unique Proprietary Passivation

Barrier and Packaging Solution  3-113

3.19     Front Edge 50,000 Prototypes Of Nanoenergy Batteries  3-117

3.19.1  Front Edge Technology (FET) 3-117

3.20     Infinite Power Solutions (IPS) Flexible Thin-Film Batteries  3-127

3.20.1  Infinite Power Solutions  3-129

3.21     Oak Ridge Micro-Energy  3-130

3.21.1  Oak Ridge Micro-Energy Thin Film Batteries  3-132

3.22     Energizer  3-132

3.22.1  Energizer Holdings  3-133

3.23     Valence  3-134

3.23.1  PVI for Valence’s U-Charge(R) XP Energy Storage Systems  3-134

3.23.2  Valence Lithium Phosphate  3-135

3.23.3  Valence Lithium Phosphate Stability and Dependability  3-137

3.23.4  Valence Safety Focus  3-137

3.23.5  Valence Lithium Phosphate Alternative to Lead-Acid  3-138

3.23.6  Valence Lithium Phosphate Storage and Run-Time  3-138

3.23.7  Valence Lithium Phosphate Safety and Maintenance Free  3-138

3.24     ITN Energy Systems  3-139

3.24.1  ITN Intelligent Processing, Sensors, & Controls: 3-142

3.24.2  ITN Control: 3-144

3.24.3  ITN Sensors  3-147

3.24.4  ITN Unique Sensors: X-Ray Fluorescence And

Parallel Detection Spectroscopic Ellipsometer 3-148

3.25     ULVAC   3-159

3.26     Intersil 3-159

 

4. Thin Film Lithium Ion Battery Technology   4-1

4.1   Vendor Lithium-ion Battery Strategy  4-1

4.1.1    Rechargeable Lithium Batteries Characteristics  4-2

4.2   Challenges in Battery Design  4-3

4.2.1    Advanced Lithium-ion Batteries Requirements  4-7

4.3   Vendor Lithium-Ion Battery Positioning  4-8

4.3.1    High-Quality, Volume Manufacturing Facilities  4-10

4.4   Applications Of Lithium-Ion Batteries  4-11

4.5   Mobile Phone Industry  4-12

4.5.1    Nanowires  4-13

4.5.2    Thin Film Battery Enabling Chemistries  4-13

4.5.3    The Cathodes  4-14

4.5.4    Solid State Devices Provide More Energy Density  4-14

4.6   Advantages of Lithium-Ion Batteries  4-15

4.6.1    Lithium-Ion Battery Shortcomings  4-18

4.6.2    Charging  4-19

4.6.3    Applications  4-19

4.6.4    Costs  4-20

4.7   Lithium Cell Chemistry Variants  4-20

4.7.1    Lithium-ion  4-21

4.7.2    Lithium-ion Polymer 4-22

4.7.3    Other Lithium Cathode Chemistry Variants  4-23

4.7.4    Lithium Cobalt LiCoO2  4-23

4.7.5    Lithium Manganese LiMn2O4  4-23

4.7.6    Lithium Nickel LiNiO2  4-24

4.7.7    Lithium (NCM) Nickel Cobal Manganese – Li(NiCoMn)O2  4-24

4.7.8    Lithium Iron Phosphate LiFePO4  4-24

4.8   Operating Performance Of The Cell Can Be Tuned  4-25

4.9   Lithium Metal Polymer  4-26

4.9.1    Lithium Sulphur Li2S8  4-26

4.9.2    Alternative Anode Chemistry  4-26

4.10     ExxonMobil affiliate, Tonen Chemical

Polyethylene-Based, Porous Film   4-27

4.11     Cymbet Alternate Manufacturing  4-27

4.12     Thin-Film Batteries Packaging  4-27

4.13     ITN Energy Systems Fibrous Substrates, PowerFiber  4-28

4.13.1  ITN Sensors  4-31

4.14     Cell Construction  4-32

4.15     Impact Of Nanotechnology  4-33

4.16     Thin Film Batteries  4-34

4.16.1  Thin Film Battery Timescales and Costs  4-37

4.16.2  High Power And Energy Density  4-37

4.16.3  High Rate Capability  4-38

4.17     Comparison Of Rechargeable Battery Performance  4-39

4.18     Polymer Film Substrate  4-45

4.19     Micro Battery Solid Electrolyte  4-46

 

5.1  Nanotechnology Thin Film Battery Lithium-Ion Company Profiles   5-1

5.1   Nanotechnology Thin Film Battery Lithium-Ion  5-1

5.2   A123 Systems  5-1

5.2.1    A123 Systems Revenue  5-1

5.2.2    A123Systems Registration Statement for Initial Public Offering  5-2

5.2.3    A123 Systems Batteries Benefits  5-2

5.2.4    A123 Systems Competitive Advantage  5-4

5.2.5    A123 Systems Strategy  5-7

5.2.6    A123Systems and GE   5-8

5.2.7    A123 Acquisition of Hymotion  5-9

5.2.8    Procter & Gamble Duracell and A123 Systems Collaborate  5-10

5.2.9    Cobasys and A123 Systems  5-10

5.3   Advanced Cerametrics  5-11

5.4   Altair Nanotechnologies  5-12

5.4.1    Altair Nanotechnologies Power and Energy Group  5-12

5.4.2    Altair Nanotechnologies Performance Materials Division  5-12

5.4.3    Altair Nanotechnologies Life Sciences Division  5-14

5.4.4    Altair Nanotechnologies One-Megawatt Battery

System Available for Commercial Operation by AES

Energy Storage, LLC   5-14

5.4.5    Altair Nanotechnologies Revenues  5-15

5.5   Applied Data  5-16

5.6   Bekaert 5-16

5.7   Robert Bosch GmbH   5-17

5.8   Boston Power / Sonata  5-17

5.9   BYD   5-21

5.9.1    Warren Buffett Buys 10 Percent Stake In BYD

Chinese Battery Manufacturer 5-21

5.10     Cymbet 5-23

5.10.1  Cymbet Thin-Film, Solid-State Battery Technology  5-23

5.10.2  Cymbet and ANT Wireless Sensor Network  5-23

5.10.3  Garmin International ANT™ Wireless Network  5-25

5.11     Dow   5-25

5.12     E-One Moli Energy Group  5-26

5.13     Ener1  5-27

5.13.1  Ener1 Third Quarter 2008 Revenue  5-27

5.13.2  Ener1 Positioning Technology Originally

Pioneered By Argonne National Lab  5-30

5.13.3  Ener1 Acquires Enertech Leading Korean

Lithium-ion Battery Cell Producer 5-31

5.13.4  Ener1 / Enertech Specializes In Producing

Large Format Flat (“Prismatic”) Cells  5-32

5.13.5  EnerDel Operations  5-34

5.14     Energizer  5-39

5.15     Excellatron  5-44

5.16     Exon  5-45

5.16.1  ExxonMobil Chemical / Tonen Chemical Corporation  5-46

5.17     Front Edge Technology (FET) 5-47

5.18     GE   5-47

5.18.1  GE Global Research  5-48

5.18.2  GE Energy Financial Services  5-48

5.19     GM    5-48

5.19.1  General Motors Faces Bankruptcy  5-50

5.20     Ignite  5-51

5.21     IPS  5-51

5.22     Johnson Controls-Saft 5-52

5.23     KSW Microtec  5-52

5.24     LG Petrochemical 5-53

5.24.1  LG Chem   5-54

5.25     MMT Funds  5-54

5.26     NEC   5-54

5.26.1  Nissan Motor Co., Ltd., NEC, And Subsidiary

NEC TOKIN Joint-Venture Company – Automotive

Energy Supply Corporation (AESC) – 5-55

5.26.2  First Commercial Application For AESC’s Li-Ion Batteries  5-57

5.26.3  NEC TOKIN Lithium-Manganese Electrodes by 2009  5-59

5.26.4  Nissan Partnership With NEC   5-59

5.26.5  NEC Lamilion Energy  5-60

5.27     Oak Ridge Micro-Energy  5-60

5.28     Panasonic / Sanyo  5-61

5.29     QuantumSphere  5-63

5.30     Saft 5-64

5.30.1  Saft Battery Technologies  5-66

5.30.2  Saft Industrial Battery Group (IBG) 5-68

5.30.3  Saft Specialty Battery Group (SBG) 5-69

5.30.4  Saft Rechargeable Battery Systems (RBS) 5-71

5.30.5  Saft Research and Development 5-71

5.30.6  Johnson Controls-Saft United States Advanced

Battery Consortium (USABC) 5-72

5.31     Samsung  5-73

5.32     Solicore  5-73

5.32.1  Solicore’s Flexion® Batteries Bluechip Million Unit Purchase  5-74

5.32.2  Solicore Embedded Power Solutions  5-75

5.33     Think  5-75

5.34     Valence  5-76

5.34.1  Valence Strategy  5-77

5.34.2  Phases Of Valence Business Strategy  5-78

5.35     Ulvac  5-80

 

Tables and Figures
Table ES-1  ES-4

Lithium-Ion Battery Market Driving Forces 

Table ES-2  ES-6

Energy Advantages Of Thin-Film Batteries 

Figure ES-3  ES-8

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2008 

Figure ES-4  ES-10

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery 

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2009-2015 

 

Table 1-1  1-3

Principal Features Used To Compare Rechargeable Batteries 

Figure 1-2  1-8

BMW’s Mini E Electric Car Powered By A Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Battery 

Table 1-3  1-9

Examples of Hybrid Electric Vehicles 

Figure 1-4  1-19

Typical Structure Of A Thin Film Solid State Battery 

Table 1-5  1-22

Characteristics Of Battery Cells 

 

Table 2-1  2-4

Lithium-Ion Battery Market Driving Forces 

Table 2-2  2-6

Energy Advantages Of Thin-Film Batteries 

Figure 2-3  2-8

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery 

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2008 

Table 2-4  2-9

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery 

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2008 

Figure 2-5  2-12

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery 

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2009-2015 

Figure 2-6  2-13

Worldwide Lithium-Ion and Advanced Lithium-ion

Battery Market Forecasts,  Automotive, Power Tools,

Electric Grid, and PC Card,  Dollars, 2009-2015 

Figure 2-7  2-14

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Automotive Advanced Battery 

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2008 

Figure 2-8  2-15

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Automotive Advanced Battery 

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2008 

 

Figure 2-9  2-21

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery 

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2009-2015 

Figure 2-10  2-22

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery 

Shipments, Market Shares, Units, 2009-2015 

Figure 2-11  2-23

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery 

Shipments, Market Shares, Units and Dollars, 2009-2015 

Figure 2-12  2-30

Worldwide PC Card On Board Lithium-Ion Batteries 

Market Forecasts, Dollars, 2009-2015 

Figure 2-13  2-35

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Cordless Tool Advanced Battery Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2008 

Table 2-14  2-36

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Cordless Tool Advanced Battery Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2008 

Figure 2-15  2-38

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Battery Portable Power

Tool and Advanced Portable Battery Shipments,

Market Forecasts, Dollars, 2009-2015 

Figure 2-16  2-41

Worldwide Electric Grid Lithium-Ion Battery

Storage Market Forecasts, Dollars, 2009-2015 

Table 2-17  2-45

Commercialization Challenges Of The Automotive,

Truck, and Bus Thin Film Battery Industry 

Table 2-18  2-47

Integrated Thin Film Battery Personal Transport

Power Systems 

Table 2-19  2-49

Requirements For Advanced Power Sources In A

Variety Of Military Applications 

Table 2-20  2-50

Large-Format Lithium-Ion Battery Key Advantages 

Table 2-20 (Continued) 2-51

Large-Format Lithium-Ion Battery Key Advantages 

 

Figure 3-1  3-2

A123 Systems Lithium Ion Battery 

Table 3-2  3-3

A123 Systems APR18650M1 Features 

Figure 3-3  3-4

A123 Systems lithium ion battery Cells: 26650 

Figure 3-4  3-5

A123 Cells: 32 Series 

Figure 3-5  3-7

A123 Systems Hybrid Characteristics 

Figure 3-6  3-8

A123 Systems Hybrid Discharge Characteristics 

 

Table 3-7  3-9

A123 Systems Benefits…

Table 3-8  3-10

A123 Systems Heavy Duty Custom and Standard Solutions 

Figure 3-9  3-16

LG Chem Lithium-Ion Batteries 

Table 3-10  3-32

Saft Lithium Technologies 

Table 3-11  3-33

Saft Lithium-Ion Battery Main applications 

Table 3-11  (Continued) 3-34

Saft Lithium-Ion Battery Main applications 

Figure 3-12  3-35

Saft Non Rechargeable Battery 

Table 3-13  3-39

Saft Lithium-Ion Construction Features 

Table 3-14  3-40

Saft Lithium-Ion Battery Benefits 

Figure 3-15  3-42

Saft Lithium-Sulfur Dioxide (Li-SO2) Batteries 

Table 3-16  3-44

Saft Lithium-Ion Battery Variations 

Table 3-16  (Continued) 3-45

Saft Lithium-Ion Battery Variations 

Table 3-16  (Continued) 3-46

Saft Lithium-Ion Battery Variations 

Table 3-16  (Continued) 3-47

Saft Lithium-Ion Battery Variations 

Table 3-16  (Continued) 3-48

Saft Lithium-Ion Battery Variations 

Table 3-16  (Continued) 3-49

Saft Lithium-Ion Battery Variations 

Figure 3-17  3-57

EnerDel Automotive Battery 

Table 3-18  3-58

EnerDel Lithium Ion Battery System for HEVs 

Table 3-19  3-59

EnerDel Automotive Battery Features 

Table 3-20  3-60

Imara Thin Film Battery Cells 

Figure 3-21  3-65

NEC Fuel Cells and Catalysts 

Table 3-22  3-72

Key Features of Sony NP-FP71 Hybrid Lithium Ion

Rechargeable Battery 

Table 3-22  (Continued) 3-73

Key Features of Sony NP-FP71 Hybrid Lithium Ion

Rechargeable Battery 

Figure 3-23  3-74

Panasonic Lithium Batteries 

Figure 3-24  3-75

Panasonic Lithium-Ion Rechargable Batteries 

Table 3-25  3-76

Panasonic Rechargeable Lithium ion Batteries Features:

Table 3-26  3-76

Panasonic Rechargeable Lithium ion Batteries 

Table 3-27  3-77

Panasonic Rechargeable Lithium ion Batteries 

Table 3-28  3-85

Solicore Flexion Battery Product Features:

Table 3-29  3-86

Solicore’s Flexion Lithium Polymer Battery Applications 

Table 3-30  3-87

Solicore’s Flexion Lithium Polymer Battery Uses 

Figure 3-31  3-88

Solicore Flexion High Temperature Batteries Survive Lamination 

Table 3-31A   3-89

Solicore RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) Applications 

Table 3-32  3-96

Excellatron Nanotechnology Thin Film Battery Features 

Table 3-33  3-97

Excellatron Battery Advantages 

Table 3-34  3-99

Excellatron Battery Thin Film Solid State Battery Components 

Figure 3-35  3-102

Excellatron Thin Film Battery Charge/Discharge Profile at 25ºC.

Figure 3-36  3-103

Excellatron Thin Film Battery Charge/Discharge

Profile At 150ºC.

Figure 3-37  3-104

Excellatron High Temperature (150ºC) Charge And

Discharge Capacity 

Figure 3-38  3-106

Excellatron Capacity And Resistance Of Thin Film Battery

As A Function Of Temperature 

Figure 3-39  3-106

Excellatron’s Battery (0.1 mAh) Discharged By A 100 mA

Pulse at 80ºC.

Figure 3-40  3-108

Excellatron High Rate Pulse Discharge 

Figure 3-41  3-109

Long Term Cyclability Of A Thin Film Solid State Battery 

Figure 3-42: 3-110

Excellatron Thin Film Battery Long Term Cyclability 

Figure 3-43  3-111

Discharge Capacity Of Several Typical Cathode Materials 

Figure 3-44: 3-112

Excellatron Thin film batteries deposited on a thin polymer substrate.

Figure 3-45  3-114

Excellatron Proprietary Passivation Barrier and Packaging 

Table 3-46  3-115

Comparison Of Battery Performances 

Figure 3-47  3-131

Oak Ridge Construction of a Thin Film Battery 

Table 3-48  3-136

Key Features of Valence Lithium Phosphate Technology 

Table 3-49  3-139

ITN Commercial Markets:

Figure 3-50  3-140

ITN Thin Film Battery:

Table 3-51  3-141

ITN Thin Film Battery Design Features/Advantages 

Table 3-52  3-142

ITN Thin Film Battery Economical production 

Table 3-53  3-143

ITN Thin Film Battery Strengths 

Figure 3-54  3-145

ITN Intelligent Process Control

Figure 3-55  3-146

Framework of Intelligent Processing of Materials 

Figure 3-56  3-149

XRF Instrument Developed by ITN Used on a System  

Figure 3-57  3-150

Thin Film Deposition 

Figure 3- 58  3-150

ITP Thin-film Process 

Table 3-59  3-151

Thin-film Process Capabilities 

Table 3-60  3-152

ITNThin-film Material Processing Experience Metals 

 

Table 4-1  4-4

Challenges in Lithium-ion Battery Design 

Table 4-2  4-35

Thin Film Battery Unique Properties 

Table 4-3  4-38

Comparison of battery performances 

Table 4-4  4-40

Comparison of battery performances 

Table 4-5  4-42

Thin Films For Advanced Batteries 

Table 4-6  4-43

Thin Film Batteries Technology 

Table 4-7  4-44

Thin Film Battery / Lithium Air Batteries Applications 

Figure 4-8  4-45

Polymer Film Substrate Thin Flexible battery Profiles 

Figure 4-9  4-46

Design Alternatives of Thin Film Rechargable Batteries 

 

Table 5-1  5-3

A123 Systems Batteries Benefits 

Table 5-2  5-5

A123 Systems Competitive Positioning 

Table 5-2  (Continued) 5-6

A123 Systems Competitive Positioning 

Table 5-2  (Continued) 5-7

A123 Systems Competitive Positioning 

Figure 5-3  5-19

Boston-Power Charge Curve 

 

Figure 5-4  5-20

Boston-Power Discharge Curve 

Figure 5-5  5-35

EnerDel Operations 

Figure 5-6  5-36

EnerDel Lithium Power Systems 

Figure 5-7  5-37

EnerDel Lithium Power USABC Contracts 

Figure 5-8  5-38

EnerDel Lithium Power Think Projct

Figure 5-9  5-63

Sanyo Battery Targets 2020 

Figure 5-10  5-65

Saft Sales Segments Half 1, 2008 

Figure 5-11  5-67

Saft Revenue H1 2008 

Figure 5-12  5-81

Ulvac Vacuum Pumps, Gauges, and Valves
 
 For More information please contact

http://w

Warren Buffett:: Master of the Market

Product Description
Warren Buffett is known as the billionaire investment expert of the century and everyone would love to know the secret of his success. In his own words, Buffett is just a regular guy who likes fast food, honest work, and people he can trust. Throw in incredible instincts, a genius for numbers, meticulous research, and an almost sure-fire investment philosophy, and you begin to understand how he’s become a legend in his own time. With just a few thousands of dollars … More >>

Warren Buffett:: Master of the Market

Investing Lessons From the Stock Market Guru Warren Buffet

If you are new to stock market then you definitely need to know about Warren Buffett. He is the best known stock market guru and his theory of the long term buy and hold has been legendary and well known. Well now no longer is he the guru of stock market but also owns and manages several companies within his portfolio via his holding company called Berkshire Hathaway.


The person Warren Buffet lives in a town called Omaha and has been investing now for over 40 years now. When he began the Berkshire Hathway firm in 1965 and if you invested $10,000 in it would have grown to 30 million dollars in year 2005. He has shown the world that it is possible to achieve sustained compound annual returns on the investment year over years. Of course based on the returns he has given his investing style has become very famous.


His investing style comes from the Benjamin Graham school of investing which says is all about value investing. Value investing means that you as an investor pick stock whose stock price does not adequately reflect the intrinsic worth of the stock. Coming to intrinsic value there is no formula defined to get to know the intrinsic worth. What that means is that you almost try to beat other investors in looking out for a value investing stock. As soon you get there, a few hundreds will also swarm in and the price will go up and that price will be true reflection of the intrinsic worth.


Since you have already honed in the stock you will gain the most from the upside. Now that is the short term outlook you have. Warren Buffet looks it like a long term strategy and he holds onto the stock that he bought when they were undervalued and he seeks to maintain that long term hold and he has since proved that holding long term without worrying about the stock market is your best bet. He had once said and I quote “In the short term the market is a popularity contest; in the long term it is a weighing machine”.


Well Warren buffet works on the value investing principle but definitely has devised his own way of working with that principle. For example he asks the question whether management is candid with shareholders. That criterion is one of the few tenets that he uses to analyze the companies. He himself has a letter to shareholders which is legendary and every year people wait to see get hold of the newsletter so that they get pieces of wisdom from this person.


So go ahead and read all about Warren Buffet apply your own intelligence to it and you will surely make money in the stock markets.

The author provides tips and advice on stock market for beginners and helps them learn the stock market for beginners lessons.